3. The People

Tabesne cadavera solvat

Marcus Aurelius Lucan AD 39-65 “It matters little whether a funeral pyre or the grave consumes these bones”

The Great Families & the Three Manors
The three manors and the fourth division of land which occupies the protrusion towards Finchingfield at the southern end of the village can best be appreciated in relation to the histories of their owners.

Indeed, for the manor which borders Toppesfield and was taken from Goti by Hamo, we know little else save that it was later acquired by the de Greinvilles and held by them for two centuries.

The eponymous Stambourne manor was annexed by Hamo before 1088, given by the King to the de Peyveres in 1242, acquired by the MackWilliams in 1395 & kept by them until the last Henry was killed in a duel in 1599. It has since had many owners.

Moone Hall was part of de Mandevilles original annexation between 1066 & 1088; by 1252 it was owned by Sherriff Wytsand and by 1398 had passed, via some distaff owners, to the MackWilliams.

The fourth area, for which I retain the early name used in the LDB of Nortuna as it is both convenient and more euphonious, was taken from Britric by Richard de Clare and let to Mascerel the Brewer before 1088. The de Stanburns first appear as village landowners in 1160, paid lay subsidy from this area in 1327 & held it till they sold it to Queens College in 1483.

There is a fifth area with a separate set of owners: these are the lands that once belonged to the Parish Church. There is no mention of them separately in LDB, nor indeed of the existence of the church; though, if the date 1085 for the building of the Tower be correct, the commissioners must at least have seen the foundations. The earliest mention is of Tebald de Stanburn’s donation in c. 1160 and there were glebe lands of up to 55 acres into this century when they passed from the Parish to the Ecclesiastical Commissioners.

This chapter ends with annexes describing each family and property separately. There is another for what is known of our Saxon antecedents, a list of people mentioned in early deeds and some genealogy on families of common people who have lived here from the XVIc onwards.

The de Stanburn family are the first residents clearly to be identified. Though Hamo & the de Mandevilles have legal titles dating from about 80 years earlier than that of this family neither of them has left any record that they dwelled here.

Thus, it is in deeds recording this family that the story of the Nortuna area subsequent to Domesday is found : they cover for the four centuries after the LDB was written. These are listed and discussed in Annex 3. Though my conclusion that it was owned and treated as a unit must remain an hypothesis I am myself quite convinced that the evidence justifies it. Indeed, in his book on the Origin of English Place Names Reaney says that one of the several meanings for the suffix tun was a manor.

It is inherently probable that a family with such a name did originally occupy the central part of the village, near to the church and the ford with its two large stones that appear in the East Window glass. These stones, which gave the village & the family their names, now lie beneath a cattle bridge built on the footpath from the churchyard to Wesley End in about 1975; prior to this they could be seen to be strikingly like the glass painting made in about 1520. From this point the Burn continues southwards along the axis of the village eventually to divide the Nortuna area. The Pevers were given the manorial title by King Henry III in 1242 as a reward for war service. They were a mainly Hertfordshire family where they were building a new house: I can find no record that they dwelled here. It seems quite probable that various de Stanburns did act as locum tenens of the hall, possibly succeeding Alstan’s family there. Around this time they acquired their interest in Nortuna. Subsequent deeds of Queens College show several transfers from Pevers to de Stanburns. The latter clearly prospered there until long after the Pevers were no more than a memory for the last of them, who sold his interest to the College on moving to Blake Notley , was firmly calling himself Gentleman.

It is quite conceivable, as NJE suggested years ago, that they did build the first hall but certainly it was not the present Elizabethan structure; this was not begun until after they had left. Morant describes their arms as
Ermines, a chevron engrailed. (I see no evidence of engrailing in window: can do it plain)
What little is known of the of the important de Grenville family & their manor is recorded in Annex 4. The area it occupied was probably that between the Dyers end road to Finchingfield & the Toppesfield border on the West & East, the Yeldham road to the North and Thurstons to the South.

Its manor house, which is still marked on the 1778 map but not on the 1837 Tithe map was near the moat on the Yeldham road. It was still in the hands of the family in 1351 but exactly when and how it passed to the MacWilliams in their unification of the village in about 1420 is not clear. As the MacWilliams did already own two of the three manors the logic of adding the third would be compelling.

The manor of Moone Hall is said to have existed in 1088 in the Honour of Mandeville. This is presumably a deduction from the de Mandeville entry in the LDB but the title does not appear there. I deduce it to be some corruption of the family name. It has also been called Joys but none of the entrants in the DNB can have owned it. There was a Bishop Joy in Cranmer’s time but he does not seem a likely owner either.

It will have occupied the south and central part of the village. The present Hall is no earlier than 1480 & is probably 1500;.the original one was probably at the site of the overgrown moat some 800 yards to the south of the present building. It probably had the lands of the church to its northern side & Church Road itself as its eastern limit. To the west it will have abutted Grenvilles on the Dyers End Road and to the south it will have been limited by or involved in the delineation of the Stambourne Green Ridgewell Norton area I have called Nortuna.

Unlike Grenvilles the passage of Moone Hall from the de Mandevilles to the MacWilliams is fairly well recorded. It passed through the Sheriffs of Essex, via the Earls of Hereford to the Gestingthorpe family though whether any of these occupied is not clear .In 1398, perhaps via a marriage to an Alice Gestingthorpe it came to the MacWilliams, seemingly rather earlier than Grenvilles.

The present magnificent preArmada building must therefore have been built when the MacWilliams owned the site. An interesting speculation is provoked by some of the representations of their arms in the church windows having the bend sinister in them .However nothing is known of the early use or occupants of the building.

The next positive information is that one, William Key, was Landlord of the Lion Inn in 1760..Morant says it was already an hostelry in 1755. The list of landlords has only one apparent gap before 1995.; after Jacob Chandler succeeded Key in 1765. There is then no further record until Timothy Bowyer in 1813 but Key could have held on for 48 years; one Rector did. Sadly Moone Hall was forced to cease trading as a public house recently and it seems unlikely ever to offer this hospitality again. The Butcher’s Arms had already closed thirty years earlier and the village now has no Inn.

More is known of the eponymous Manor of Stambourne Hall than of the other two. The three main early owners were Hamo Dapifer, then after a period the Pevers Family and following them the MacWilliams held it for 250 years. From that period it was simply the Manor of Stambourne and the list of owners is again fairly complete. The histories of the two main aristocratic families are known in detail but the owner immediately after Hamo is not. Though he was an important Norman, King’s Steward & Duke of Kent, his successors are unknown. It may well be that he had none and the property reverted to the crown at about the turn of the century. Certainly Henry III was in a position to give to Paulinus de Peyvere in 1242.

As suggested above, the existence of a family with the name of de Stanburn does suggest that it may have been occupants of the manor house and looked after the land. The speculation that the name is derived from the Saxon Alstan is attractive; it is known that that language effectively disappeared with the generation which witnessed the Conquest and Alstan did own the land before Hamo was given it. This family then probably did fill the gap between Hamo & the Pevers, though doubtless only as some species of senior vassals.

At this period the manor will have occupied all the area to the East of Church Road, save God’s acre and extended along the Ridgewell Road from Wesley End, to include Mill Farm & its windmill, probably as far as Stambourne Green.

When the MacWilliams unified the three original manors these distinctions will largely have disappeared, though they will never have owned the church lands, nor, I think, the south western area.

The only family later to occupy the Hall for any period were the Victorian Lewis Fry’s of Bristol who were great benefactors of the village.

The building dates from about 1550, is much modified and in need of sympathetic restoration, having been somewhat mutilated, both in Victorian and later times.

The question of the lands belonging to the church is more complex than any of the other areas. One deduces that it has centred from at least 1085 on God’s acre. There is a XIIc reference to the buildings within the moat all that now remains of this is a wide ditch, in places six feet deep, along its eastern border. They can be assumed to have extended to the west along a line of present Church Farm and the Grange for centuries the Rectory. Early in the XVIIc Paynell insisted he owned the lane. Hopkins claimed 55 acres for the glebe, quite separately from the 20 or so he purchased for himself at Dyers End. They probably therefore occupied a central position some halfmile square extending from the lane to the Mill Road ending close to Stambourne Green. They will have had a large area of Wast, common land, on their northern border.

There remains another group of lands that are extremely difficult to characterise. From time to time neighbouring Ecclesiastical Parishes claimed tithes from parts of what were clearly land within Stambourne Parish. The most obvious of these came to be called Ridgewell Norton and is marked on the 1777 map. Register events of its residents were entered in the Stambourne records, often adding (particularly in the entries of Spurgeon of the Chapel) that they lived simply in Ridgewell. There were also fragments of five other parishes from as far away as Ashen that paid tithes to those Rectors. In 1988 these were all finally redistributed to fit in with secular parish boundaries but their origin in time is not known. It seems inescapable that the Nortuna area is the largest of these but the others did not have distinctive names.
Annex 1: The Saxons
The name appears in three old texts as well as the LDB: I have not clearly differentiated these in my notes.
Athenaeum has an Anglo-Saxon dictionary ,just inside the door high up.
Onomasticon. is among names. Pt I is English Historical works; Pt II is Domesday
The Saxons in England, 1876; Birch reprints Kemble Codex Diplomaticus Acir Saxoni 183948; it says Aelfstan is a new name in Essex in 935 AD.

Ministri are equivalent to Thegns pvii. For 100 y before the Conquest Ministri were very numerous and disregarded unless ‘ not of the ordinary character ‘

Alstan is listed as synonymous with Aelfstan of whom there was one in Essex in 935 & many others elsewhere. There were three Bishops called Aelfstan in c. 975 holding sees in Rochester, London & Ramsbury. These are much more likely to be the big landowner of the LDB than our man.

Though usually spelt Alstan, in the Colchester entry he is Alfstan both times.
Al or ael is an awl or a fire but as a prefix it may just mean an anglo saxon person it does not seem to be a rank
Ael & Aelfappears but there is no Al, Stanor stan.
Aeigl, see Al and Ael but this is not said of Aethel
Stan is a stone and occurs in many compound words

So our man is probably the Anglo Saxon of Stan…

The three kings, Elder, Martyr & Confessor all spelt Eadward in the old texts.

There is in fact a householder in the King’s list for Colchester just called Stan
An Alstanric is also listed

The 9 symbol usually does seem to be an abbreviation for us but it can represent more, even up to several words so it may well represent ‘burn’ when it occurs on the end of Alstan9. Interpretation of the extent of property of our Alstan crucially depends upon how many freemen of this name there were in 1088

Tempore regis Edwardi the name appears as a big landholder. He (or they)held in Colchester, of the king, 1 house when spelt Alfstan9, 5 acres and then 2 houses spelt without the superscript (B3a). The Editor says it may be more than one man. A table of all the Alstan holdings t.r.e. follows.

Lands of: Ref Hundred Village hides ac. men value Did Alstan hold it t.r.e.
Hamo 28.3 Witham Notley 105 2 30s yes
Geoff de M 30.12 Chelmsford Chignall 13 0 2s Alestan 9 always
Robert Gernon 32.5 Witham Rivenhall half 8 8 8 yes
32.8 Becontree West Ham 8 30 131 £24 yes, as a manor
32.9 Tendring Dickley 1 39.5 9 20s yes, now Nigel
Ranulf Peverel 34.1 Barstable Borens 1 1 40s
34.8 Becontree West Ham 8 30 121 £24 see 32.8
34.29 Chelmsford Springfield 5 45 22 £6 yes, now Robert
John so Waleran 40.7 Ongar Fyfield 30 3 20s yes, now Roger

Robert so Corbucion 41.6 Chelmsford Hanningfield 1.5 2 2 30s yes, as a manor; now Robert
Hamo’s annxn 90.33 Hinckford Stambourne 40 13 40s yes, with xii freemen, and still have
90.56 ditto Toppesfield 15 8 30s yes, now Ralph
Of the King B3a Colchester 3 houses 5 now, as a burgess
Totals 12 sites 17 358 203 £65

32.8 & 34.8 are duplicates of figures & places with same phrasing i.e.
King William gave this manor to Ranulf Peverel & Robert Gernon
on their disposition too; they also both contain the same note and still have. Presumably the scribe was told to give each minor lord a chapter of his own where there was a joint ownership as here: the numbers 32 & 34 correspond to their listing in the prefatory page to the Exsessa LDB
One set of these values only is included in the totals but they do include all of 90.33, not just
one thirteenth of it: in 90.33 adhuc.hnt does seem to be a plural verb

If all this land did belong to the one Alstan of Stanburna & Toppesfelda it was indeed a very large amount of country property, some 2345 modern acres, with 3 manors, in all worth £ 65. Much of it was in the enormous manor of West Ham on the Thames adjacent to Barking Abbey of which the Conqueror’s Sister was Abbess. It is reasonable to consider whether this was a different Alstan from our Thegn in N W Essex but this gift to the Peverels in 1088 and that they were later given our Lordship by Henry II in 1242 does seem to imply an historical connection throughout. They, or him were, then, stripped of everything except 2s in value in Chignall & 40 s in Stambourne. It must also be significant that both these properties belonged to Lords (Hamo & de Mandeville) with Stambourne lands. He seems to have kept the houses and status of Burgess in Colchester if indeed these do belong to the same man perhaps because they carried the obligation of ” paying the customary due: ” to the King himself. The names of all these burgesses appear to be Saxon

It is interesting that “our” man was effectively left only with his Stambourne land, under Hamo. This strengthens the supposition that he was, in some sort, a kind of steward to the Steward. He may even have done some supervision for de Mandeville too in return for keeping Chignall

Thus our Alstan seems to have been a sufficiently important chap to have been bribed not to make trouble, for he was left with some of the rights to his property of t.r.e. by both Stambourne Normans and by the King himself. Whether he also owned West Ham is not relevant to our story but it does seem probable.
On this page I’ve tried to put the info into tables consistent with Alstan. I’ve left the original format too, so’s you can express preference.
Goti aka Gotius
He is the first mentioned Stambourne Saxon t.r.e.
He is always spelt Goti9
He does not appear in Who’s Who (i.e. Onomasticon)
He held:

Lands of: Ref Hundred Village hides ac. men value
St Martin’s, Battle 13.1 Barstable Hutton 3h less 20ac 15 £5

Hamo Dapifer 28.1 Barstable Ateleia 1h 2 20s Goti held from Harold t.r.e., now Serlo
28.9 Winstree (Little)Wigborough 8h 10 £7 Now Vitalis, Bernard & Engelric
28.11 Hinckford Stambourne & Toppesfield 1h 30 £6+£7 15 Freemen always
Now Hamo himself
This land was in 2 manors t.r.e.

Land of Hundred Village
St Martin’s, Battle 13.1 Barstable Hutton Manor of 3h less 20ac. 15 men £5

Hamo Dapifer 28.1 Barstable Ateleia Manor of 1h 2 men 20s
Goti held from Harold t.r.e., now Serlo
28.9 Winstree (Little)Wigborough Manor of 8h 10 men £7
Now Vitalis, Bernard & Engelric
28.11Hinckford Stambourne & Toppesfield Manor of 1hide 30 men
15 Freemen always Now Hamo himself £6 + £7
This land was in 2 manors t.r.e.

Totals 5 manors of 12 hides = 1440 modern acres with 72 men & worth £ 26 in all

Brictric aka Bric^tic9
He appears in Nortuna & Finchingfield t.r.e. In the Suffolk D.B. name appears in Cookley, 50 mi away; c.f. Anne Of Cleves

Lands of: Ref Hundred Village hides ac. men value
Annexation of Richard (de Clare) s.o. Count Gilbert (of Boulogne)
90.50 Hinckford Finchingfield 80 ac 4 40s
90.58 ditto Nortuna 55+10 ac 13 40s
As a Burgess of the King
90.B3a Colchester 1 house & 9.5 ac 1 house

Annexation of Richard (de Clare) s.o. Count Gilbert (of Boulogne)
90.50 Hinckford Finchingfield 80 ac. 4 men 40s

90.58 ditto Nortuna 55 + 10 ac. 13 men 40s

As a Burgess of the King
90.B3a Colchester 1 house & 9.5 ac.; 1 house

Totals 217 modern acres with 17 men and worth 80s
plus 2 houses in Colchester.
Amendments in green
Annex 2: Index of Mediaeval names
This is a list of all early names encountered in the primary sources: LDB; Magna Carta; Stoke charters [C1-624] Queens’ College deeds [ Q 152 ] & Lay Subsidy 1327. Some of the secondary sources also consulted are: Morant (incompletely), Wright; Essex Worthies; DNB.; Hatton on Clare. I appear not have listed the Clare Cartulary. These latter books are mainly represented in the lists of the great families such as de Clares, Pevers, McWilliams, Mandeville, Grenville, de Stanburn which are given here by family name only, the individual members of them being listed in a separate annex with that title. Dates are simplified to a single yr., so are approximate unless given in full. Surnames come first when they seem to make sense but phrases like “de Capellis” are treated as descriptors.
Power of Attorney = pr atny wts = witness

Name Rel Date Activity Other ???
Adam 2d s o Geoffrey C637 1150
Adam filius Warini C637 1150
Alando a/dn Lond C116 1197 cf Alstan
Alberico (de capellis) 1150
Alday; Nicholas LS 1327 [ xvij d qr ] = the amount paid
Alebreche f o Isabelle C623 1251
Alstan LDB He has also “xii freemen” see Annex 2 for Alfstan, Aelfstan, Alestan
Appulton; Thos, gent Q25 1482 4 Apr receives grant
Attehille; Robert Ct 1328 Reaney’s derivation of Hill Farm
Aysgard; Ralph Rolls 1547 Granted St Thos Chpl with Smyth

Bacoun; Hubert LS 1327 [ xv d ob qr ]
Eustace LS 1327 [ xij d ob qr ] v.i. Q2 1323
William LS 1327 [ ij s ]
Bakun; Eustache Q2 1323 5 Sep wts to
Baldewyn; Wm Q2 1323 5 Sep wts
Baldewyne; Willelmo LS 1327 [xviij ob] descendant of Baldwyn de Wytsand
Baldwyn s o Serlo C309 1180 [of Moone Hall]
Baldewyne; John Q9 1394 1 Sep wts
Banlye; Wm Q5 1366 20 Jul Wts
Barnsley; Mr Thos Dean of Stok j Clare Q13 1435 20 Jul Rec gt as Barnysley quitclaim 30 Ap 1438
Barkere; John of Aketion Q25 1482 4 Apr Rec gt
Gilbert of the same
Barkere; John of Melford Q25 “manens apud le Hert”
Bartholomew in the Lane, Vicar of Gt Sampford Newct has him as “B” Thelan
Bathun; Geoffrey Q1 1322 ? (undated ) wts
Richard has an identical entry
Bedford; John, clerk Q48 1508/9 20 Mar Power of attorney
Bendyssh; Thos Q11
1425 25 Dec
1435 20 Jul
1438 31 Apr
1438/9 12 Feb Wts
gts land
qitclm T B Sen Esq
recs confm

q.v.T.B. is said to be sen also
Bendissh; Thos Q25 1482 4 Apr has a head lease
Benkern, Osbern 1450 c A poet of Clare & Stoke
Bernard LDB 1086 Land in Stambourne
Berwik; Wm clerk Q43
Q46 1501 2 Oct
1508 20 Mar recs confm
confirmed by
Berners; Hugh de, of Stanbourne C144 1150
Blaveni; Ricardo de C 306 1180
Boteler; Wm le, of Geldham Q1 1322 c wts
Bloy; Willelmi le C429a 1258
Bloy; Wm le, of Thopsfeud Q1 1322 c wts
Brictric LDB t.r.e.
Brun; Galfridus le
Reginald & Walter are his sons C511 1150 1150

Botoun; Henrico LS 1327 [ xij d ob qr ]
Boton; Hawkyn Q4 1351 24 Feb was wts
Bottun; John
as Boton
as ” ” of Stanburn
confirmation as John Botoun Sen of Stambourn in Q3
in Q4
in Q6
in Q10 1351 24 Feb
ibidem diem
1390 5 Mar
1425 25 Dec

recs grant
Boton; John of Stn

Q17 1435 10 Jul
1438 30 Apr

1438 3 May
1438 3 May
1438/9 12 Feb quitclaim
gts to John Boton senr
pr atny
Bounde; Edmund of Lavenham Q26 14822 6 Aug
Bounde; E Q34 1483/4 19 Mar
Bray; Q6 1390/1 5 Mar wts
Bridebroc; Ricardo de
Wm his son Q1
1322 c

has the head lease
( v odd; did he really)
Brunne; Henrico LS 1327 [ 2 s x dob qr ]
Brokholl; Thos of Fynchyngfeld
Q25 1438 3 May
1482 4 Apr rec gt

Bucher; John Q1 1322 c wts
Bures; Symone de C144 1150
Burstelere; de Roberto le LS 1327 ix s ij d (possibly steward of the Hall)
Buteler; Willelmo le C429a 1258
Bygge; Edmund Q16 1438 3 May pr atny (is this a family of bailiffs ?)
Bygge; John of Rediswell Q3 1367 3 Apr pr atny
Bygge; John
ibid Q2
Q39 1467
1482 4 Apr
1495 14 Nov
many deceased

Clare; Count Ricardo of
Robert is his brother
Richard de: C59

LDB 1180

1086 3rd Lord

( Hatton has a list of them )
( also T Horton ?? )

Camois; Stephen de C326 1198
Cameis; Stephen de
Ralph is his son C368
Cameis; Radulfo de Domino C310 1225
Canfield; John Q43 1501 2 Oct recs confm
Capra; Willelmo C304 1180c (somewhere these appear as Le Chevre)
Cavenedis; Ganfredo de C303 1220
Chapperman; Wm le Q3 1351 24 Feb wts
Chote; Henry, of Stambourn Q2 1323 5 Sep Held a trust
Clerk; Thos of Brydbrook Q18 1438/9 12 Feb pr atny
Clerk; Richard n o s Q26 1482 26 Aug pr atny
Clopton; Wm Q25 1482 4 Apr rec gt
Colyn; Walter of Stn
Q6-Q21 1390-1467 shews property transfers
Reaney says Collins Farm (ref 1391FF) is named after him but there must be two people, at least.
He also gives Collynes Woods (1531 Ct)
Colyn; Thos 1425 1425 25 Dec is a wts probably s o Walter I & f o Walter II
Colyns; John, clerk Receives confirmation Probably s o Walter II
Coupere; Robert le LS 1327 [ xi d ]
Crok; Adam Q5 1366 20 Jul wts
Croxstone; Elizabeth de LS 1327 [ii s iv d ]
Custe; Wm of Tpfd Q9 1394 1 Sep Rec gt

Danon?; John Q9 1394 1 Sep wts
David; C59 1180 His son is called Guidone
Dederman; Thos of Tpfd Q9 1394 1 Sep rec gt
Dyke; John of Stok j Clare Q21 to rec via pr atny

Elspet; m o Fulk C581 1218
Essiae; Nigello de, Presbitero
C511 1150
Essiae; Elricus de C511 1160
Eustace, Count of Boulogne 1088 Brotherinlaw of King Edward; perhaps the 1st de Greinvill
Ewell; Richard de Q1 1322c gts land in Stn & Bridbroc Richard is also the name of his eldest son

Ferthnes; John (in) Stambourn C537 1150
Finstede; Wm de C637 1150c
Fordham; Wm de of Redeswell Q1 1322c. wts
Fornham; Geoffrey de C144 1150 Elinald de is his father; Fornham is part of Stoke
Finchgefeud; Geoffrey de Q1 1322c William is his son & witnesses the deed
Fynchingfeld; Ralph Q5 1366 20 Jul is vicar of F & holds some land
Fynch; John Q9 1393 1 Sep wts
Finch; Thomas of Richewell Q41 1495 24 Feb a lease husbandman
Fynche; Thos Q43 1501 2 Oct recs confm
Fytche; John of Fynchefeld Q21 1467 3 Apr to rec land via pr atny
Fulk C581 1218 Elspet is his father or mother

Gardiner; Wm le
Q4 1351 24 Feb
ibid gts land
gts 3 houses in Stn
Alice, his wife, appears in Q4
Gyrdeyner; Wm of Redeswell Q26 1482 26 Aug
Gelham; Gilbert de, Decanus C302 1200
Gerard; Robt Q2
LC 1323 5 Sep
1327 Wts
[ ij s ]
Gilbert, A/dn Middx C117 1185
Gilbert, Ct of Boulogne LDB
Geoffrey; s o Hamo C137 1090
Geoffrey, his son
Adam, his son C637

Gloucester; Earl Robert
Comes William Gloucestris C59
C300 1180
Godwin LDB
Goldrington; John de Q2 1323 5 Sep wts
Grapenell; John Q11 1425 25 Dec wts
Gravenell; Warine de C429a 1258 [a v long gap if the same stock]
Gregory Capellano C581 1218
Grenville, Greinville; de



10 names in some 8 generations spanning11701327 are listed in Ch 2 annex 3 under their manor variously called
Grenefeld [v Reaney p 457
pays the highest amount of Lay subsidy of 10s 10d ob
This name appears again later as George, Marquis of Buckingham 17531813. He runs strawplatting in Gosfield & nearby
Guidone C59 1170 v.s. David whose son he is
Guncelyn; Ricardo C429a 1258
H______; Domino, filio Walteris C307 1240
Hale; Hugone in le LS 1327 [ xiv d ]
Hamo Peccatum C637 1250 To be deleted
Harliston; John, Esq Q17 1438/9 12 Feb recs confm
Harpley; Stephen, Husbandman of Stn
Q46 1502 1 Jan
1508 24 Apr
1508/9 20 Mar Bond of £20 to Queens’
Lease for rent 59s1d
Hold land
Hecerefullo C581 1218
Hill; John of Melford, clothman
1482 4 Apr
1482 21 Sep Grants rec?
Hispania; Michaele de C429a 1258
Hornby; Edmund de
Wm is his son Q10
1395 12 Jul

Hose; Oliver C581 1220
Houchon; Thos of Topfd
Q21 1394 1 Sep
1467 3 Apr grant
lands were lately T H’s
Huchon; Wm of Stn
Q21 1440/1 6 Feb
1467 3 Apr gets confm
Pr attny
Hugh; s o Pagani [tr to Pain] of Stn C618 1220
Hugh, the Chamberlain of Topfd
Agnes, his wife C581
Hugheon; Nicholas, gent Q47 1508/9 20 Mar recs land
Hunfridus; filius Goismeri C637 1150

Ingelrica of Hatfield Peveril + 1100 [mistress of Wm the bâ tard] = Ranulph & s Wm
Ingelram; Wilfrid C581 1220
Inglysch; William le Q5 1366 20 July wts
Inglysch; Henry le ibid
Irland; John, clerk Q47 1508/9 20 Mar pr atny
Isabelle; d o Alebreche C623 1251

John 1170 has a life interest as chaplain of Stn
Jemes; John junr of Stn
Q21 1440/1 6 Feb
1467 3 Apr gets confm
gets pr atny
Jenyn; John clerk Q43 1501 2 Oct gets confm
Joye, John is Vicar of Clare 1348 Joyes is said to be a name for Moone Hall

Kardil; Symone de C59 1180 v.i.
Karett; Sewall le Q1 1322 wts v Kyng
Kempe; Richard Q11 1425 25 Dec wts
Kyng; Sewall le
Q3 & Q4
LS 1351 24 Feb
1327 wts
[ vi d qr ] He appears in the Stambourne list as Sewalls le Kyng; he could perhaps be Steward to the Pevers if they were absentees

Landa; Wm de C144 1150 (this surname is used for all sorts of parcels of land, enclosures, waste, lawns & so on )

Maler; John of Stn Q6 1390/1 5 Mar recs grant
Marschall; Roger Q6 1390/1 5 Mar recs grant
Martyn; Ricardo of Melford Q25 1482 4 Apr recs grant
Mascherel LDB is a brewer & landowner of Toppesfield; is Marschall related ?
Mayner; Edmund of Stn, yeoman Q48 1524/5 20 Jan lease of Sanborne Grove
Mandeville Maundeville Magnaville
Geoffrey de
Geoffrey, 1st Earl grandson of

Geoffrey, 2d Earl
William, 3d Earl
Geoffrey FitzPeter, 4th Earl
Geoffrey, 5th Earl

William, 6th Earl
Maud, sister of above

1144 August



part owner of Stn


[ see also Moone Hall ]

[struck by an arrow @ Fordham in the Fens in Cambridgeshire on the Suffolk border]

= Isabel, [ from whom he annexed her father’s title of Earl of Gloucester v.s. It must be he who signed Magna Carta ]

= de Bohun
Maundeville; Sir Thomas Kt Q6 1390/1 5 Mar recs grant [he is 180y later]
Michel; Geoffrey Q6 1390/1 5 Mar recs grant
Mychele; Geoffrey Q12 has land jointly with Thos Stanburn [transfer dated on the Feast of Translocation of S Thomas the Martyr 10 July 1435]
Mortain; John Count of C300 1195 Moreton is near Ffd]
Molefeld; Thoma de LS 1327 [ijs vjd ] = half a crown
Mot; Matilda LS 1327 [2s 2d ]
Mot; William FA 1222 [Reaney, hence Moteslane 1412 FA; le Motehall 1426 ]
Motts; ____ Q49 1563 30 Apr
Motts [there is a wall memorial in Wethersfield of c 1610]
Mots; Stephen of Stn Q2 1323 5 Sep recs grant
Mountgomery; Sir Thomas Kt

Q32 1482 26 Aug
1482 1 Sep
1483 16 Mar confm
Myra; Huchtred de C637 1150 [myra is a loyal retainer, an ant, wet swampy ground or a mere]
[Hugh de Redeswell = the loyal retainer from Rgwl Norton, perhaps ?]
Macwilliam McWilliam MakWilliam Mackwilliam
15 members of 13 generations spanning 1220 to 1616are detailed on a separate list

Nigello Capellano
C144 1150
1160 Presbitero de Essia

OldHalle; Sir William Kt Q17 1438/9 12 Feb recs cnfm
Osbern 1100 listed as a neighbour Osbern Blenkern or the other way round is the poet in 1450

Panell; John of Redceswell
Q25 1438 3 May
1482 4 Apr recs grant
A review of Q15 ?
Parker; Everard le Q1 1322c. wts
Parker; John of Stoke j Clare Q11 1425 24 Feb recs confm he is a smith
Payn; John Q22 1467 3 Apr pr attny [repeated later as “of the same” which is Redeswell. Is he a bailiff ?]
Payn; Johanne 1327 Lay subsidy [ij s
Peccatum; Hamo C637 1250c. Hamo = steward
Pelham; John, a London merchant
Q24 1481 1 Feb
1481 22 Mar to hold for 5y
Peter; clerk of Topfd
ibid C618
C624 1220c
Peter; s o Wacloc C581 1218
Pever, Pevers, Pewre, Peyur, Peyure; also perhaps Peverell & Piper
A family that owned the manor of Stn Hall is listed separately; 12101395 & 175885.
They do not appear in LS 1327 though perhaps they do have a steward paying for them
Plechenden; Peter de Q1 1322c wts
Poppe; William C306 1180c.
William s o Poppa C305 1180c. [is he the same ?]
Pykenell; William, gent Q47 1508/9 20 Mar receives land

Radenor; Mr Reginald de C113 1227
Raw; John, Rector of Stn Q13 1435 20 July receives grant
Rawe; John, ibidem Q14 1435 30 Apr receives quitclaim
Rede; Edmund of Stn Q20 1440/1 6 Feb gets confmn
Reede; Edmund of Stn Q21 1441 3 Apr pr attny
Reede; William Q43 1501 2 Oct gets confmn
Redeswell; William de Q8 1390/1 5 Mar wts
Reignold; John Q43 1501 2 Oct gets confm
Roberto NOS C305 1180c.
Robert s o Yvo, Yvonis, Symonis C326 1190c.
Robert f o Simon C618 1220
Roger; Earl 1190c.
Rogero; Magistro 11968 is 1st holder of perpetual vicarage here
Rogero; Mgr C116 1197
Roger de Omnia Sanctis C326 1198c.
Roger of All Saints C429a 1258
Rypplyngham; John, Clerk Q47 1500 20 Mar Holds land in Stn, Bbk, Rgwl
Ryville; Nicholas (de Ryvyle) LS 1327 [ xiv d ] [ clearly an early form of Revels ]

Scapperman; Wm Q4 1341/2 24 Feb wts
Serle; Willelmo LS 1327 [ vi d ]
Serle; Wm Q2 1467
Serle; Hugh
ibid Q3
Q4 1531 24 Feb
1351 24 Feb wts
Serle; Hugh Q5 1366 20 July Wts
Serle; Wm of Stn Q21 1467 3 Apr recs via pr attny
Serle; Wm Q25 1482 4 Apr Seisin ( ? of Q2)
Serle; Wm of Stn Q39 1495 14 Nov Many deceased
Sextayn; John of Stn Q9 1394 1 Sep grant of all his lands in Stn
Sexteyn; John of Stok j Clare Q20 1440/1 6 Feb
Sextayn; John of Stoke Q21 1467 3 Apr lands held lately of him
Sheldrake; Wm of Tpfd Q9 1394 1 Sep recs grant
Shetiford; John Q43 1501 2 Oct confmn
Simon C309 1180c. terstibus
Simon s o Robert C618 1220
Symonis f o Robert C326 1190c.
Smyth; Edmund Q11 1425 25 Dec wts
Smith; Thomas 1547 recs grant of Seynt Thomas Chapel
Smith; Sir Thomas

ex Essex Worthies
Clerk to PC under Edward Seymour & Master of the Protectionist Court of Requests is this our man ?
Snelhawke; John Q3 & Q4 1351 24 Feb wts
Snelhauke; John of Stn Q26 1642 26 Aug
Snelhauk; John Q34 1483 19 Mar
Snellock; John Q42 Lease of Faydonfeld & Tuftefeld rent 30s & 1 lb of pepper
Snelhawk; Edward Q43 1501 2 Oct receives confmn
Spryng; Thos of Lavenham Q26 1482 26 Aug
Spryng; Thos Q34 1483/4 19 Mar
Stacye; Wm of Rychewell, yeoman Q49 1563 5 Apr gives wood to pay rent of Stambornes & Motts
Stacye; Wm of Redeswell Q50 1569/70 12 Jan Boocher’s wood in Redeswell
Stacie; Wm, yeoman

ibid Q51

Q52 1572 17 Jan

1585 12 Jan

renewal of 21 y lease of farm of Stanburnes & Mottas held since Michaelmas 1558 for 21 y; rent £10
renewed again for 21 y (though only 13y)
Stanhope; Sir John
[created Baron Harrington ]

Charles, his son 1620
[1605] dies (Morant) Acquired all the shares in Stambourn Hall of the three McWm sisters
Sold these shares in 1648 to Pyke [?Pryke] of Bathorne Hall and dies 1677. Rev Fisher Sharpe-Bailiffe says he later sold Essex Hall
Stanton; Sir Wm, clerk Q6 1300/1 5 Mar receives grant
Stebbyng; Edmund Q21 1467 3 Apr pr attny (? a bailliff)
Stebbyng; John Q43 1501 2 Oct confmn
Stephano NOS C300 1195c. [I have written (T); is this Topfd?]
Stephene; Waltero LS 1327 [xv d]
Stok’; Simon de, Presbiter C511 1160c
Stok’; Wm de, Vicar C581 1218
Suggebrigge; Gilbert of C623 1251 [v.s. Robert de Stanburn’s lands here
Symond; Wm of Toppysfeld Q14 1438 30 Apr quitclaim
Symond; John of Topfeld, sen

ibid Q11

Q15 1425 25 Dec

1438 3 May John s o John sen receives confm
receives grant
Symond; John & William of the same* Q15 1438 3 May receive grant *(i e Topfeld as fr John S sen)
Symond; John of topfd
ibid Q17
Q19 1438/9 12 Feb
1438 8 Mar confmn
land held of this man [which one?]

Symond; William
John, sen
John, jun


1482 4 Apr

see Q15

Thelan; Bartholomew “in the lane”; Vicar of Gt Sampford
Thurstoun; Sir John, chaplain Q11 1425 25 Dec
Thurston; John, chaplain Q13 1435 20 July recs grant in association with John Rawe, Rector; it seems likely he was our curate
Thurston; John of Stoke next Clare,chaplain
ibid Q19

Q14 1438 18 Mar

1438 30 Mar land held of him


[not Sir this time]
Tia; Wigar de [husbandman?] C144 113666 other meanings are: rustic: boundary: hill: Tya;
Wlgar de C637 1150c. tit.
Topperfeld; William de Q8 1390/1 5 Mar wts
Trumpre; John Q8 1390/1 5 Mar wts
Tournour; John of Lavenham Q26 1482 20 Aug
Tournour; John Q34 1483/4 19 Mar
Toye, John 1348 Vicar of Clare [or was it Joye ?]

Veasey; Henry Q43 1501 2 Oct receives confmn
Vyncent; Gerardo LS 1327 [ xviij qr ][1s 6d 1/4]

Wacloc N O S; f o Peter C581 1218
Waller; Richard Esq Q17 1438/9 12 Feb receives confirmation
Waltham; Richard Q6 1390/1 5 Mar receives grant
Walteris; f o Domino H___ C307 122060
Warini; f o Adam C637 1150c. is he “of Warren Fm” ?
Welde; John Q5 1366 20 July wts
Wellwrythe; John of Stn

ibid Q3

Q4 1351 24 Feb

ibid he & his 2 bastard d receive a messuage with buildings in Stn
receives 3 houses
Wilkynson; John, clerk Q47 1508/9 20 Mar holds land in Bdbk; Stn; Rgwl
Willelmi N O S; f o Johanne C429a 1258
William of All Saints C310 1225
William, Clericus de Stambourn
Wytsande; Richard C623 1251
Wytsand; Baldwin de
Was Willelmo Baldewyne in C??
LS 1262
1327 died Held the Hall
Wytsand, William de, s.o. above 1284 died

Yoland; Robert Q26 1482 26 Aug pr attny
Yvonis or Yvo; f o Robert C326 1190c.

Annex 3: de Stanburns
An attempt to trace the history of the name de Stanburn in the village
It runs from 1172 or earlier to at least 1485 when the last de Stanburn here was Thomas, a Gentleman of Blake Notely. There is another file on the manor of Stambourne Hall itself that lists all the known owners and does not beg the question of whether it ever belonged to this family; which I suspect it never did.

Primary Sources
Little Domesday Book (hereafter LDB): This does not mention that its use of the word Stanburna may be as a surname as well as a place name. One of the t.r.e.owners was Alestan, translated as Alstan.
Charter of Thomas Becket (hereafter CTB): Quoted by Newcourt, 1160-72; but the event described may well be earlier.
The Stoke Charters for the period 1218 – 1252 (hereafter SC).
The deeds of Queens College justifying their title to a purchase of 1482 (hereafter Q) They are described in Chapter 9, p9 (??).
The Lay Subsidy of 1327, Stambourn & Redeswell. Dr Jennifer Ward’s typescript.

Secondary Sources
Morant, who is slavishly copied by Wright. His paragraph is:

A family of note lived in, & took their furnames from, this place. John, Edmund & Thomas de Stamborne were witneffes (& signatories) to deeds of the Peyveres, (of grants to themselves & others in the Queens deeds – JBE) in the reign of King Edward III, and had these arms on their seals, ermines, a chevron engrailed.

Muilman (aka Chiswell) does not mention the word as a surname.

t.r.e. LDB has a landowner, Alstan (Alestan9) a freeman, owning land in both Stambourn, (where it probably corresponded to the Manor of the hall) and in Toppesfield (where it is thought to be Scoteneys, on the Yeldham border). The superscript abbreviation 9 usually means –us, but in some places is used for whole words. It is not impossible that it was in full spelt Alestanburna. JBE proposes the hypothesis that in this place this abbreviation stands for ‘burna’ and that the name, if not so abbreviated would imply the same and that this “Elder of Stan[burna]” was the de Stanburn’s progenitor.

1160c Tebald de Stanburn gives some property to the church [CTB]. He lives perhaps 1130-90. I call him #1, pace Alstan.

1218 Roberto de Stanburn is Capellano, #2. [SC581]

1212-35 Hugh de Stanburne, s.o. Pain or Pagani has to pay 16/2d to Peter, Clerk of Toppesfield [SC615] #3

1242 Paulinus de Peyvere was granted the manor of Stambourne by King Henry III as a reward for war service in Poitou, Acquitaine. The King will have taken it from the successors of Hamo, if any, or perhaps the de Stanburns, to make the grant, though it may have reverted to the crown by then.

1251-2 Roberto de Stanburn appears in SC 623 and 624, first as owner of land at Suggebrigge (near Great Yeldham) and in the next charter as Roberto Capellano de Stanburn. This could well be the son of the same Roberto as in 1218 AD, above, or perhaps the son of that holy cleric. #4.

<=1323 Philip de Stanburn is the first bearer of the surname recorded in the deeds of Queens’ College [Q1]. He lived, perhaps, from 1270-1330. [Q1] itself is undated; my guess is 1322. #5.

1323 John de Stanburn appears in [Q2]; he lived (?) 1290-1350. #6.

1327 Johanne de Stamborne pays vj duty in Redeswell (doubtless R Norton). This assessment of one tanner in the lay Subsidy compares with Johanna de Greneville in Stambourne itself, in which none of the Stanburns is taxed; she pays the highest amount of 10s 10 1/2d. Dr Ward’s rather poorly typed transcript has clearly been altered, perhaps to emphasise that Johanna ends in ‘a’. Johanne & John de Stanburn are, however, probably the same male person. #6.

1327-77 = “in the time of Edward III” in which Morant places John, Edmund, Thomas.

1340 Edmund appears in [Q5]. He lived perhaps 1310 – 1370. #7.

1390 Thomas, who specifies he is son of Edmund, appears in [Q8] and [Q9]; hereafter Thos I. #8.

1395 Thomas again in [Q10]. Presumably the same Thos I (#8). He lives perhaps 1340-1400. In these two years deeds are witnessed by, inter alia, Thomas MackWilliam. This is the first local record of this name I have found.

1436 Thomas appears in [Q12] & [Q13].

1438 Thomas again in [Q14] & [Q15]; in the latter he has a head lease. These 4 entries will all relate to the same man who lived perhaps 1370-1430 – hereafter Thos II. #9.

1438 In the same [Q15] William receives a grant of land formerly held of Thomas senior; I take this to refer to his grandfather, Thos I (#8), who lived 1340-1400c. William lived perhaps 1400-60 – hereafter #10.

1438/9 Thomas writes a quitclaim in [Q19]; presumably this is Thos II (#9) but it matters not which of them it is.
This sequence seems to have been preserved to establish the right of the last Thomas (IV) de Stamborne to sell off the land, though Dr Williams, who abstracted & published the deeds in 1933, says he is not sure whether it is all one lot. I am convinced that it is. Ref: Trans Essex Arch Soc XXn.s. 78.
1481/2 The actual transfer to the officers of Queens takes place 43 years later from another Thomas (III, as I think) who is now dignified as “Gent.” [Q 23, 24, 25] #11.

1482 He refers to “William, his father & Thomas, his Grandfather” in [Q25]. I take this sequence to be:
Thomas (Thos III), the grandfather who lived perhaps 1400-1460. #11
William (Wm II), the father, whose span was perhaps 1420-1480. #12
Thomas (Thos IV), the Gentleman, who lived perhaps 1440-1500. #13
The grammar of the translation strictly attaches these last two old men to one, John Pelham, but I am sure they are the forbears of Thomas de Stanburn.

1482 Thomas, (not otherwise specified) again, appears in [Q26]; I suspect this to be insurance against action by Thos III.

1483/4 A series of receipts, quitclaims, powers of attorney & seisins confusingly indicate that everyone is satisfied. The are executed to Thomas de Stanburn of Blake Notley, and for the first time refer to “Margaret, his wife”. He reiterates his relationship to Thos III & Wm II. It seems to me that Thos IV had moved up in the world and gone to live on his rich wife’s estate 30 miles away. These sales of all his property here was his finally shaking the dust of Stambourne off the feet of the de Stanburn family after some four or more centuries.

1911 Queens’ College is still shown on an auctioneer’s map as owning land in Chapel End

Deed [Q30] of this date ?1483/4? refers to “praying for the soule of Thomas Stanborn, Squyer”; I guess this to be another sideways glance at Thos III but it also suggests that the whole family had recovered its earlier status.

There follows a series of deeds up to [Q52] which cover some 40 years and include, inter alia, two consecutive 21 year leases. The name of de Stanburn does not appear in them or again in this series – or indeed anywhere else that I have seen. The property that is the subject of these deeds (and which I now think of as the four division of our village) is repeatedly described in much the same terms as in the “Final Accord”, [Q36] of April 1485. It is “a messuage, 100 acres of arable land, 2 acres of meadow, 50 acres of pasture and 20 acres of wood in Brodbroke, Stanborne & Rodeswell.”

In support of this quadripartite concept the other three manors all have remains of moats – though that of Grenvilles was filled in when the cottages were restored, around 1985. That of Moone Hall is represented in the garden of nearby Church Farm, with another vestige some 800 yards along Grange Lane from the present building. There is a fourth moat in the middle of this area and it may well have been the site of a mediaeval hall house.

Assuming we talk of the area that became Ridgewell Norton after about 1560 and was, from time immemorial, part of the Ecclesiastical Parish of St Laurence, the place where these three parishes came together is along the road now called Chapel End Way which leads southwards to Cornish Hall End. It must be that which is called In Nortuna in [LDB] and which is translated as Cornish Hall in the Phillimore edition [ref: English Place Names Society (hereafter EPNS), which I believe to have been written by Reaney]. In EPNS XII however, Reaney says it derives its name from one Henry Norton [ref: 1529-32 ECP.

What is now Revels was Stambourne Green in 1787 [Chapman & Andre] so the Green originally extended further to the south-west than it now appears to do – the present Green Farm is a twentieth-century building; the name was earlier used for the site on which the Victorian Revels building and cottages now stand.

This property of 172 acres would have been about 1 mile long & up to ¼ mile wide. It would stretch from “Wast”, on which the Chapel was built in 1715 (and was thus uncleared in 1480 and also uncultivated) as far as the two Farms, Great & Little Nortons, identifying this separated section of Ridgewell with the name it held from Domesday until very recent times. It would include all of Stambourne Green with its eponymous Motts Farm, which is actually mentioned in the Queens’ deeds. There are also mentions of Sanbornes & Sanborne Grove. Slough Farm, on the Birdbrook turning, was probably the eastern limit of this division – though it is an early building it is not mentioned and may be a little later than 1480.

Thus it seems probably to me that this large estate, some 10 per cent of the surface area of the village and a much higher proportion of the useful land, was centred upon a medieval farm hall-house at Stambourne Green; this probably formed the site of Barker Myall’s new mansion in the 1850s, though it was probably to the east of the moat. The influential Ruffle family owned 192 acres at Stambourne Green in 1890. It had the Burn along its lower border, though the two flat Stans were a mile away below the church. What is clear is that Stambourne Green was flattened by the Brickworks, and therefore no large building can now be identified.

I am repeatedly surprised how small are the holdings of rich, even armigerous, mediaeval persons. I guess this to be as large as any and perhaps the largest of the family properties in our village prior to the fusion of the three manors of the McWilliam family.

The de Stanburns did first live in the centre of the village near the church and the ford of two large stones that appear in the East Window. These now lie beneath a bridge built on the footpath from the churchyard to Wesley End in about 1975. The Pevers acquired the manorial title from King Henry III in 1242 as a reward for war service. This suggests some failure of accommodation between them and the de Stanburns. This latter family may well have had its origin in the ‘xii freemen’ associated with Alstan and retained an interest in the southern part of the village. The Queens deeds show later transfers of parcels there from Pevers to Stanburns, consolidating the position of the latter. In the course of all this they decamped down there where they prospered until well after the Pevers were no more than a memory.

It is quite conceivable that, as NJE suggested years ago, they did build the first Stambourne Hall. It may well have been by the church, though this belonged to the DeGrenvilles by1270. They certainly did not build the present one, which is perhaps of a date close to 1550.
Annex 4: The de Greinvilles & their manor
The information on the manor is very sketchy. Morant says it was named after them and they held it from the time of K Ric I [118999] to K Edwd III [132777], a span, say, of 1190 to 1370.

Reaney, p 457, says it was variously called Grenevylles 1389 CL; 1530 Ct; Grenevill 1425 FA; Grenefyles 1428 Fa; Grenefeld 142552 ECP ; I have not identified the abbns.

I interpret LDB to say that it was part of Hamo’s major land described in entry 22.11. that we share with Toppesfield. Goti held it t.r.e. but did not keep it.

This is a copy of file Stoke4 in Library Vol: only the charters which mention the Greinvills are noted here by their numbers. They all date from 1163 1296

1088 The name does not appear in LDB, unless it be the enigmatic ‘G’ who held the land annexed by Hamo in 90.57 at Scoteneys. There is a Count Eustace of Boulogne, brother in law of King Edward; the family was using this christian name for a lord who lived about 11601200 less than a century later. G may well be Goti or Gilbert.

116383 301 Robert de Grenville he is the earliest recorded owner of our church and original grantor of our advowson to Stoke Priory.
John the chaplain he is our first certain Rector for he had rights preserved in the charter but he is not actually named as John de Stanborn in it
Iohanne testibus

117383 59 Wm of Glos; Earl Robt his father; Amicis Francis et Anglis
Robt de Greinville
Ricardo, Ct of Clare; Robt his brother ; Guidone s o David; Symone de Kardil

1180c. 304 Eustace de Gnvl
Willelmo Capra (Chevre) who succeeded to his estate in thelate 1140s

1180c. 305 Eustace de Gnvl
Wm s o Poppa

1180c. 306 E de Gnvl
Wm Poppe
Ricardo de Blaveni

118087 117 Gilbert Folio; Ep Lon
Robert de Greinville Knight. This single entry is the only record that these Grenvilles were armigerous.
Gilbert a/dn Mddx; Ricardo magistro scolarum London

1205 or earlier 302 = cclxxviii =298 Eustace de Greinville who owned our advowson & /or building in 11891206 is confirming his father’s granting of us to Stoke]
Gilbert Dec de Gelham et aliis testibus

1220c. 303 Ric de Gnvl
Gaufrido de Cavenedis

12201260 307 Simon s o Ralph de Gnvl
Domino H, filio Walteri [T] was he our rector?

This is the last mention of Stamburne in Part 2 of the reprint of the Stoke charters which ends with number 655. Vol VI in the series, which contains Part III, is in the complete set in Senate House Library. It is commentary, history & indices and is abstracted in File Stoke5b in my vol: Library.

Eustace paid scutage for the release of K Ric I in 118999. He has succeeded by 1186 & is dead by 1206 or 1205; He confirms his father’s grant. C302, 304, 305, 306
There are records of 3 boys who are likewise his sons : they are:

1 Richard who seems to have the inheritance 1206 1220, [it is certain he has it in 1214 1217.] He too confirms his father’s grant. C306
2 Gerard and
3 Ralph are known from lawsuits of 1196 & 1198. They appear in the Queens’ deeds

Simon is the s o Ralph, the youngest of these but seems nevertheless to have inherited c. 1220 1260; certainly he was active1256/7 [C307] & 1257/8

One, Richard s o Simon, (probably Symon de Cantelupo) seems to be a different person from the eldest boy of Eustace, who was also named Simon q.s.s No 1.

1299 A second Richard impleaded Gilbert Hakin I must work this out cannot interpret this (JBE) ?DELETE? AFE

1322 Walter de Greinville was using his seal, a/t Morant, but on what is not stated. I think this must be the undated 1st Queens’ deed which is probably of this time. Walter is not mentioned in it though he is in deed no Q 4 of 1351 q.v. The seal is described as having on it ” a saltier etc ” . Was Gt Yeldham church already dedicated to S Andrew ? Dean Gilbert was active 1163 1181.

1327 Johanna de Grenville was the largest payer of the Lay Subsidy in Stambourne, viz. 10/10 ob.

John de Gestingthorpe comes in here incorporated into the McWm unification of the parish but I am not clear exactly how or when.

1351 Walter de Grenville is witness to deed Q4 of 24 February

1420 The MacWilliams unify the parish.

15961623 Sir Beric who he ?

1783–1813 The Grenville name appears again as the Marquis of Buckingham @ Gosfield Hall (DNB). He is active in promoting strawplatting but J H Round says the estate becomes ruinous this may be relevant to the demise of the trade hereabouts

Morant (note 7 p355) refers to their bearing a Saltire. The word denotes a shape but not a tincture. Burke gives the XIXc Buckinghams a white cross on a green ground. Perhaps the Grenville arms were ‘vert, a saltire argent’.

Annex 5: The de Mandevilles & Moone Hall
I can find nothing of the origin of the name. I guess it is simply a sloppy corruption with time from
Ma NdEvLLe to MooNE haLL
In 1755 Morant says it is aka JOYS I do not find this proper name anywhere (though one is reputed to have written an early version of the Prayer Book and a Vicar of Clare had a similar name). Morant’s dates are inconsistent

t.r.e. A freeman held it v.i.

1088 The Manor of Moone Hall is said to have existed in the Honour of Mandeville
Geoffrey of Magnaville (sic) is certainly in LDB with an “annexation” in Ch 90 sn 26 which “A Freeman” held before 1066 in Lordship. I cant see that Geoffrey held any other land in Stn though he did have dozens of other holdings recorded in LDB
Presumably therefore the 1st recorded Lord of the Manor of Moone Hall was this unnamed freeman for the period from before 1066 to 1088, when he became subject to de Magnaville

1144 Aug Geoffrey, the 1st Earl was killed struck by an arrow @ Fordham in the fens @ Cambridgeshire on the Suffolk Border
1177 Geoffrey , 2nd Earl. dies It was presumably this Earl of Essex who had been ordered in about 1170 to arrest Becket, not the lord of Stambourne Manor.
1190 William , 3rd Earl dies
1213 Geoffrey FitzPeter 4th Earl dies.
12131216 Geoffrey, 5th Earl = Isabel. He annexed her father’s title of Earl of Gloucester & signed the magna Carta.
1227 William, 6th Earl, dies
Maud, sister to this Wm = de Bohun.
Richard Wytsand, Sheriff of Essex & Herts, held some 150a of the Honor of Mandeville. This is Morant’s earliest datum.

1262 Baldwin de Wytsand dies; he held of Humphry de Bohun as part of the Hr of Mn

1272 Walter Jeround dies. He = Agnes. John [? Jeround too] succeeds

1281=9EdI Agnes, Lucy & Elizabeth appear

1284 Baldwin s o Baldwin de Wytsand dies; he held of E of Hereford
This sequence is unclear check
1327 Willelmo de Baldwyn is the name in the Lay subsidy [xviii d ob] 10th highest of the 21 ratepayers.

1348 John Joye or Toye was Vicar of Clare.

1372 John de la Lee, Alice deNeville, John Weld held land, perhaps ex Lucy & Elizabeth de Wytsand

1376 Hugh de Bray, who held 60a of the E of Hereford, dies.
“Then” Alice Gestingthorpe held of Wm q.v.

1398 William, bro of Thos E of Stafford, dies. The estate goes to the McWms, clearly via Gestingthorpes, “& so up to 1616”. The first Edward McW lived, according to my McW calculations, about 13901430. The first owner of both Moone & Stambourne manors may have been his father Charles who lived 13501410

1430-50 Thomas II McW was lord

1450-64 Wm McW was lord; I guess he lived in a wooden hall here; q.v. Edward

1464-79 Edward II McW inherits from his brother. He owned Alkeborrow @ his death and may have lived there

1479-90 His son John is lord

1480 Roger Hyde, the freeholder 198098, says he has evidence from the P R O that it was built in this year by the Macwilliams; it seems they did own all the village by then so presumably must have agreed if indeed this be the date of construction. He has not produced this evidence for me & the papers probably disappeared in one of the later tenancies. If substantiated it was built by or on the authority of John McWilliam who must have lived in a Wooden Hall, probably within the moat. It is likely that the first part built was the main hall parallel to the road. It has double door openings at each end, either of which could be the service cross wing. The tall wing aligned W to E at the S end, which is thought to be the court room was probably built later for that purpose. I have seen a drawing prepared by an archivist during the tenancy of Keith Cramp but it did not date the timbers.

1490-95 Edward III McWm is lord

1499-1506 This is the period when Christina Hartishorn is Lady Tyrell @ Colchester. Henry I McW did not legally become lord until her death in 1506. He will probably have lived in the wooden hall during this period; he must have authorised construction of Moone Hall if RCHM is correct ; given his church activities he probably was the titular builder too.

1500c. The RCHM gives this as the date of the construction

XVIIC Said to be the date of the massive Chimney. I guess the saloon bar wing, with its massive, prearmada, beams was early XVIC.

1755 Morant writes that it is now the Lion Inn

1760 Wm Key is recorded as a Landlord by the measures Inspector but he does not specify of which Public house.
I doubt any of the following were actual owners before Roger Whittaker bought the freehold from Whitbreads
1765 Jacob Chandler

1813 Tim & Eliz Bowyer

1835 Frederick Sparrow

1839 Shadrack Sparrow

1848 Mary Bowyer

1876 Lewis Lewsey

1877 Emma & Harry Loyd

1902 Jane Bedford

1926 Sidney Walls

1933 Jas Buckland & Carmen Noakes

1966 Robin & Averil Swetland; Whitbreads owned it as a tied house and undertook a sympathetic & thorough restoration

1977 Gordon Mackay for owner Roger Whittaker who purchased it from Whitbreads.
[this is the 3rd appearance of the nameWhittaker in my history.]

1980 Roger & Doreen Hyde who still own it in 1996

1983 Keith Cramp

1988 Ian Guthrie

1993 Fred Swallow

1994 Peter Page

1994 1 June to 14 Aug: David Hindley was a tenant of Roger Hyde after which it closed as a hostelry It is now occupied as a private dwelling. Application for change of use 21 October
1995 February: Many changes and building of garages are occurring but the council has so far refused permission for the building to change its status from being a public house. An appeal requesting business use has been lodged
1997 Application to enclose the frontage was allowed up to about 6 feet from the highway.
1998 Sold to private persons who have discovered an old carved beam in the south wall of the old public bar.
Annex 6: The Manor of Stambourne Hall
It is an attempt to list owners from all sources from Domesday = LDB, Magna Carta = MC, Wright = Wr, Morant=Mo, Newcourt = Nct, Cartulary of Stoke by Clare = SC
NJE = a typescript prepared by my son

1088 LDB Hamo Dapifer, syn King’s Steward, becomes Lord of a Manor held by Goti before 1066 [chap 28, top rhc; sn 11, lh margin; ciphers @ foot are folio pagination] This is probably in Toppesfield

Hamo has an annexation, whatever that may mean, in ch 90 sn 33 of a holding of Alstan a Freeman, before 1066 & now; who shares this with 12 others; he has himself 2 doz parcels

Geoffrey de Mandeville has an annexation in ch 90 sn 26 of land which Alstan held in lordship before 1066, & now. This is Moone Hall.

I think these three data mean that Alstan was effectively Lord of Stambourne Hall Manor, under Hamo. see the discussion under Domesday in Chapter 2.
1066 & earlier Alstan and 12 others
1066-88 & after Alstan, a Freeman under the overlord Hamo the King’s Steward.
The lands were then divided in 3 parts all called after a Hall

1162c Theobald de Stanburne gives some property to the church (Becket)
1130-90. Tebald’s probable life-span

NJE thinks the de Stanburn family built the Hall . If there was one at this time he may well be right: it would have been of timber: it certainly was not the present Elizabethan brick structure which dates from about 1550 AD.

1163-8 In charter SC301 Robt de Gnvl originally grants the advowson of the church to Stoke Priory. Morant writes “It has always been holden of the Honor of Clare” Is this when the Manor first became of the Honour of Clare ? From 1088 it seems to have been held of Hamo the Steward of the King. See Richard de Clare under Nortuna.

1212 Richard de Clare, E of Clare & Hertford was 1 of 25 barons enforcers of Magna Carta. Gilbert de Clare, his son, E of Gloucs was another Geoffrey de Mandeville, E of Essex & Gloucs was another. I see no other name relevant to Stambourne & none who was actually here

1218 Roberto de Stanburn is Capellano SC581 If (a) he be the same man as that active in 1251 and
(b) the de Stanburns did in some way control their eponymous manor, then he may be the last of them to do so.

1212-35 Hugh deStanburn is in SC 618 – he could be the last controller of the Hall

1242 Pever Family given the manor by K Hy III [reigned 57 years, 1216-72]. They are also called Piper which name survive both here & in Toppesfield. It seems unlikely that he lived here so the de Stanburns may well have retained beneficial occupation.

1242-60 Lordship of Paulinus; probably in absentia for he had built a new grand house @ Tuddington in Berkshire. Rogere is here – perhaps as locum tenens

1251-2 Robert de Stanburn is a landowner in charter SC623. He also appears as Roberto Capellano in SC624 which is probably of the same date.

1260-90 Lordship of William Pever s o Paulinus

1290-1300 Lordship of William’s brother, John

1300-30 Lordship of William Pever, the Younger, s o John

1330-50 Putative Lordship of Innominatus who is postulated to fill in the gap

1350-70 Lordship of Thomas = Margaret, d o Sr Neal Loring

1370-95 Lordship in some form of his daughter Mary = Sr John Broughton
John, Edward & Thomas de Stanburn were active as witnesses & signatories in these same years; if they did build a Hall it had already passed to the ownership of the Pevers line by this time, even if it was not occupied by them.
1399-1414: Rgn of King Hy IV

1395 McWilliams first appear as landowners here – though the record of the family begins with Milo who lived about 1299-1340

1395-1430 Lordship of Edwd [i] McW, guessed from his life-span

1430-50 Lordship of Thomas [ii] McW

1450-64 Lordship of William McW

1464-79 The lordship passes sideways to his brother Edward [ii]
In 1456-79 Margaret de Alkaberwe, which is both her name & an estate in Bathorn, holds land in Stambourne too. At his death in 1479 this Edward says he holds Alkaberwe. The heraldic commentaries gives the name as Awkborough.
In fact Ed ii m Elizabeth Inglosse; I think this refers to Ed [iii] v.i.

1479-90 Lordship of John McW

1490-95 Lordship of Edward [iii] McW

1506-39 Lordship of Henry [i] McW who built the chancel

1539-86 Henry [ii] who inherited aet 7 y o. He m the widow Mary Hill-Cheke who lived to be 84 in 1616: she retained 1/5th of the estate from 1586 until her death.
Elizabeth McWm, 1501 to perhaps 1590, m Geo Colt who d 1578. The shield in light 7 implies that she too was a part owner. Light 8 implies that she was followed by her son Henry Colt though strictly it belongs to the early XVc

Clearly there was complex part-ownership around this time but the data are incomplete. Wright does not mention Colt at all.

1586-99 Henry [iii] McW who was killed in the duel. The last of the male line, he was unmarried without legal issue

1599-1616 Margaret McWm d o Henry [ii] & w o Sr John Stanhope was co-heir of Henry [iii] McW till her death. Her share went to her son Charles v.i.

1610-30 Edward Rane or Rone [from the parish registers; see handwriting analysis]

1630-54 Charles, Lord Stanhope, s o Margaret, bought the shares off each of the four sisters of his mother. He had no issue and sold it to Cambell v.i.

1654-58 Rachel Cambell, widow of Sr James Cambell held it till her death

1658 Hester Cambell, Rachel Guise, Rachel & Abigail Abdy & Susan VanPaine

1662 Choat has most chimneys in the Hearth Tax Records [perhaps he had this harem of four more girls of whom little is known; see 1630-54] Does his family tree elucidate ?

1672,3,6 Robert Wankford of Berwick Hall buys all the shares of the group of girls as did Lord Stanhope before him.
His sister Dorcas bz 1680c. = Thos Todd, 1669-1710, Lord of Sturmer Manor [ex a stone on the wall of Sturmer church] v.i.1735. They have a son, Radcliffe Todd; Robert’s third child, Ann = George Gent of Moyn’s Hall
1684 Luke Jackson, s.o. Robert & Mary, was buried 5 May v.i.

1688 “for some years” Shelley his son is Lord in 1710 a/t the deed giving the land to HHII for his chapel. He dies 28 Feb 1731. His d Catherine d 17 May 1705 following the death of his wife on 1st March

1721 27 Aug. Robt Jackson dies in Nottingham; he is s o Luke Jackson = Susan VanPaine

1735 Morant has “or to” Mr Gosling;
another note has Mr Chas Jackson as Lord of the Manor in this year.

1737 There is no Essex Freeholder with > £10 in Stambourne
Mr Thos Crisp of Sturmer owns land worth £12 here. He must have owned the manor house & lands but whether he was Lord is unknown.

Somewhere in this gap “Berners” was thought to be lord.
From 1760 a Mr Frost lived in and married a servant of the Hall. One, Walter Frost, B.A. 1720/1, M.A. 1724, was a Fellow of Queens and married a lady who had been servant to Mrs Lowe; she is not in either Register. [v.i. Mrs King ch9.p1]]

1799 Barker Myall was Lord in a Mill House Manor Court Roll

1816 A Myall , nephew of Barker was owner of Hall a/t J.H. A never gets a christian name

1831 One Barker Myall was again Lord; was it the same one or a son ? Wright also has him as owner.

1845-50 Barker Myell or Myall (as in the directories) moved to Stn Gn in 1850 which was owned by R Mumford Joslin from 1845; was this the Goslin family of 1735 ?

Jas Smith

1859 1st generation of Lewis Fry’s; they may have been absentees at first v.i.

1881 The census has John Willett, Farmer aet 57 = Sarah Ann, aet 44
Must have been an agent . The Frys are not mentioned

1896 & 1911 Both Censuses (or are they directories)are the same.

1930 Perhaps Alex Peat & then Mrs Peat

1966 Some people who put in the open riser staircase

1971/2 Michael & Joanna Shelton; she d 1990c., he in 1994c.

1995-96 Vacant for some time – presumably the architect son of Michael with his lady friend owned the building. [Roger Hyde returns to live in Moone Hall]

1997 It still appears empty in October but it does not look neglected.

1998 It is certainly occupied by Shelton’s son & his lawyer lady companion.

Annex 7: The Pevers
A chronology of the family that held Stambourne Manor from 1242 until 1395. For the list of primary & secondary sources see the de Stanburn history

Morant (p355) writes ” 1. STAMBOURNEHALL hath always been holden of the Honor of Clare by the fervice of half a knight’s fee; it is within the Duchy of Lancaster (he means in 1700; I doubt it existed in 1241) The Pever or Peyuere family [footnote I for their history & residences] were possessed of it in the reigns of K Henry III. Edward I. II. III (x) (x =’From feveral deeds’); Paulinus de Peyvre [a 3rd spelling] having obtained a grant of it from K Henry III. to whom it was escheated among the rest of the lands of the Normans (y = Placita apud Westm. 25 Edw I in Octab S Hilarii. [1297] Ex Le Neve’s mss. See above p 179] [I find p179 is EastThorp in Vol II & StaplefordTawny in Vol I; I cant anything relevant on either page though there is much about the Mandevilles in Stapleford])
Morant then gives only the next 2 generations.

This entry seems to say that Paulinus Pever was given it by Hy III in 1242 though it belonged to Clare at that time & did not become Royal property till 1297. I guess that there is an overriding Act that gave all the Norman lands to the King from the time of the death of Wm the Bastard perhaps this 25 Edw I..

1088 King Wm gave the manor of W. Ham to Ranulf Peverel; it belonged to Alfstan. I wonder whether this was one the 3 bishop’s named Aelfstan [v.s. Annex 1] or whether indeed it was our man, thus forging the first link with the Pevers.
1210-70 Estimated span of Paulinus de Pever, Sewer to K Hy III, of Tuddington in Bedfordshire.
“This Paulinus was one of the commanders of the troops sent to K Hy III in Poictou. Pat. 26
1242 Hen. III. 29 Aug ” Poictou is Poitou in Acquitaine, not Poitiers that battle was 1356.
I take this Paul Peyur (the 5th spelling of the name) whose son had a head lease of the lands in the S of Stambourne, central to the de Stanburn story, recorded in Q2 of 1323 to be the same as Paulinus. There really is not enough time for it to be son named after father.
1242-60 Lordship of the same, probably in absentia
1230-90 Span of William s o Paul. Reference to his having had a headlease in 1323 does not imply that he is still alive 33 y later
1260-90 Lordship of the same
1258 or before Rogere Pewere [sixth variant] is witness to S 429a which transfers Bradefeld in Topesfeld & Bradecroft in Gt Yeldham in exchange for 5s rent in Stambourne. [ergo the Pevers were here then; logic suggests Pewre was Paul’s locum and died before him]
1240-1300 Estimated span of John whose son William appears in the same Q2 as Wm s o Paul; I take John to be the younger brother of Wm & both to be sons of Paulinus
1290-1300 John’s short Lordship
1270-1330 Estimated span of William s o John
1300-30 Lordship of the same. He actually grants the Stambourne Green land in 1323. The William Peyur who witnesses deed Q1 [undated; I assess 1322] is probably this same Lord of the Manor of Stambourne.
1327 The Pever name does not appear in the Lay subsidy; Wm de Burstelere paid the second largest subsidy of 9s 10d ob and was probably their steward.
1290-1350 There is probably a s o either Wm or John here who is the father of Thomas, f o Mary
1330-50 The putative lordship of Innominatus
1310-70 Estimated span of Thomas Pever who marries Margaret d o Sr Neal Loring
1350-70 His Lordship
1330-95 Estimated span of Mary, d o Thomas, who marries John Broughton. Morant’s (z) is “Grafton’s Geneal. fol 447.
1370-95 In some form, their joint or several lordship.
1395 MacWilliam hegemony begins.
XV, XVI & XVII centuries reveal no Pevers variants in the church registers.
1758 Isaac Piper marries Elizabeth Walford of Stambourn
1784 Sarah Piper of Stambourne marries Wm Tomlinson
1785 There are Pipers in Toppesfield.
Annex 8: The McWilliam name
In 1988 I spent a dozen hours trying to reconcile Morant, Wright & NJE’s accounts of the family and find it can only be done by greatly compressing the timescale. Specifically I find that I have adopted a generation of two decades whereas NJE only had enough names to be able to use the more usual 25 y.

More data by 1997, particularly in the Armorial of Rushbrook and hence my clarifying a separate English Branch distinct from our undoubted Irish one, has resulted in a revision of similar length.

One Sr Thomas Ware is quoted as saying the McWilliams originated in Ireland from the Bourkes of Connaght. These curious souls invented two branches which they named the Eighters & the Oughters. These soubriquets, with their Irish flavour, do not appear again.

The Ordinary of British Armorials published in 1874 [in the Athenaeum library] by John Papworth &, curiously, Alfred W Morant has on p 862 :
3. Flowers Roses
Per bend arg & gu 3 roses in bend counterchanged. Mackwilliam V[?iscount] quartered by Jane Seymour, third w o K Henry VIII.
MacWilliams, MacWilliam V., Williams [clearly England, though not so specified]

Per bend gu & Arg, 3 roses counterchanged, Mackwilliam, Ireland.

[the first tincture mentioned in a blazon is in the sinister chief = RHS as viewed from front]

Burke’s General Armory [v.s., of Connaght] of 1883 [in the Athenaeum too] on p647 has:
Mac William Co. Gloucester.
Wm Mac Williams: his d & heir ISABEL m Sr John Seymour Kt of the HACHE, High Sherriff of Southampton, 9 Hy VI = 1434 Ref; Visitation Oxoniensis 1566
Per bend arg & gu 3 roses bendways counterchanged.

Thus, there is both an English & an Irish branch of the family differenced by their arms only in having the silver & red transposed. Clearly they must be closely related; equally clearly the Stambourne branch was that of Irish origin since we have red in our shield to the right of the bend..

The Wm Mcwm who is father of Isabel is of the Gloucester branch. His inclusion in our chronology has perhaps caused it to be so crowded & may explain the half century difference between NJE, who includes him as born in 1370 & JBE’s date of c 1405. My Wm, derived from Essex sources is almost certainly a different and less eminent man; the former is much more likely to be a progenitor of a wife of K Hy VIII.

Morant describes two Thomas MacWilliams. I conclude that the man who was a witness to deeds in 1397 & 1407 was the earlier of them with a life span of perhaps 13301407. The one who married Alice Brompton in about 1420 probably lived from 1388 to 1450. This Thomas had sons Wm & Edward whose dates of death in 1464 & 1479 are two of the few fixed points in this story.

There remains the possibility that the witness was yet a 3rd Thomas of whom there is no other record.

My numbering is Roman uppercase. It is separated by a solidus from that of NJE which is in Arabic with a suffix. We soon have the usual re-use of dominant Christian names so these are further differentiated by lowercase Roman enumeration in brackets.
Thus the code is e.g. IX/4
th is Margaret & Edward (iii)

JBE I My first generation is then the first recorded “ancestors” of Thomas [i], the man whom Morant calls the witness. It starts with one, Milo; he married Jane Waylond d o Henry Waylond. I find no indication of the date but note that the Pevers held the manor up to Ed III who reigned 132777. This is 5 generations earlier than the 1st Generation of NJE who starts with my Thomas[ii] McW=Alice Brompton. He equates this man, I think wrongly, with the witness and the 1st McW to appear in Stambourne. Milo lives, perhaps 12901340 v.i.

JBE II is Milo’s son Roger whose wife is not named. Roger lives perhaps 1310 1360 v.i.

JBE III is the Thomas [i] MacWilliam who is my candidate for the witness [the documents appear in Q6 of 5 Mar 1390/1 & Q9 of 1 Sep 1394] . He married Agnes or Avice de Peson, d o & heir to Nicholas de Peson & his wife Alice Eston, who was d o & h o Sr Geoffrey Eston. If this Thos (i) was a magnate in 1397 & 1407 he was born somewhen in 133070. If we take the earliest date & give him a lifespan of 1330 1407 the time table which follows is still very cramped, though not actually impossible

JBE IV is their son Charles who married Jane Caunfield. She is d o & h o ……..Caunfield who married Maud Hyrton , d o Sir Hugh. Charles lives perhaps 13501410. [Shield 1 in light 2 is arg fretty sable for CAMFIELD or CANFIELD]

JBE’s original generation V is a shadowy Arthur. I think he is the problem. The evidence for him is a phrase used by both Morant and Wright, viz:
had by her Arthur, whose son Edward was the father of Thomas.
There is no mention of a spouse of Arthur or of a mother for Edward [i].
From here on I shall be using Roman lower case numerals to distinguish the two Thomases, the four Edwards and the three terminal Henrys.
The generations cannot be compressed any further than I have done in what follows so I must accept one of these possibilities:
Arthur did not exist in this family, or
he was the brother of Charles, not his son, or
there was another Thomas within 20 y of this date who is the witness
NJE’s discussion of 2 Edwards provides his answer viz: Edwd [i] b 1425; Edwd [ii] b 1450
If Arthur did exist his span was, say, 13501410, the same as I have given to Charles

JBE V then is the first Edward [i] who marries Mary Wingham d o Thomas Wyngham; lifespan, say 13701430. On this analysis he becomes the son of Charles & the same generation as the shadowy Arthur, not his son.
It is worth commenting that
the name Arthur appears nowhere else in the McWm tree.
one d m a Wingfield of Norfolk at some stage; the eighth & last shield in the ninth light @
the top of the E Window, for which there is as yet no provenance, is of Wingfield
Macwilliam and Colt.

JBE VI equates with the 1st generation of NJE. This Thomas [ii] MacWilliam is the first figure with data of any substance; he married Alice Brompton by whom he had two sons, William & Edward[ii]. Their dates of death are precisely quoted by Wright and some of their history is known. The marriage could just be 1405, his span 1388 1450. NJE gives him 1345 to 1407 some half a century earlier.
[the Brompton Arms do not appear in the Rushbrook or RCHM analyses but the first shield in light 2 is McWilliam impaled : argent fretty sable this blazon has not been identified by either of them; I identify it as that of Caunfield, the w.o Edward[i]]

VII/2nd is the 2 sons of this pairing of Thomas & Alice. They are William & Edward [ii].
William died in 1464 a/t Wright. No wife of his is found in a printed text but the East Window rubric suggests Stanye by the shield in light 3.

One William McWm around this time has a daughter Isabella who marries a Sir John Seymour. He is the Kt of the Hache (hacher = to cut off; was he some Lord High Excutioner; though there is a place in Sussex of this name) & High Sheriff of Southampton. He bore the Gloucester variant of the McWm arms. Isabel(la) then dies in 1483 this makes NJE’s dob of 1370 for our Wm highly improbable. The father of Protector Somerset (1506?1552) lived 1476?1536. If Wm is 142564, Isabella lives 14501483 & becomes marriageable in 1470. It seems likely she m the Protector’s grandfather, not his father. This is an interesting McWm vignette and may relate to a Court Roll referring to some Seymour property in Stambourne.

Contributed by Ian Purvis, September 2011

“Sir John Seymour 1406 – 1464 was warden of Savernake forest in wiltshire from 1427. His great-grandson was another Sir John Seymour, warden of Savernake forest from 1491 to 1536. This second Sir John Seymour was father of Jane Seymour, third wife of Henry VIII. 

Hache is Hatch Beauchamp in Somerset, the former caput or chief manor of the barony of Hatch which was acquired by the Seymours through marriage in 14th century. 

Sir John Seymour 1406 – 1464 married Isabel Williams, believed to be daughter of Mark Williams, bailiff and mayor of Bristol. Possibly importer of Spannish wines. Is she Isabel MacWilliam too?”

Brother Edward [ii] owned the Stambourne estate @ his death in 1479 so (unlike Christian q.v.) it did not go into entail [or to the Somersets or Seymours’ which fits in with the above] He also owns Alkeborrow, an eponymous property @ Bathorn (which I can’t place) in 1479; it probably came to him by marriage strong confirmation that he did die & make a will that year. He certainly married Elizabeth Inglosse [Englowes in the description of the window, light 4, where it is “party McW impaling Stanye”, suggesting he got some of the property from the wife of Wm too] & thus continues the line. His span is c.1415 1479: from the coincidence of this second date it may be he who m. Margaret Awkborough as his 2d wife. ; see Morant on Bathorne End.

VIII/3rd is their son John who marries Margaret Gestingthorpe, perhaps in 1460. He has claims to be the first of the McWms to hold all 3 manors for they come together through her family. John spans perhaps 1430 1490. There is no shield in the window for her.

IX/4th is their family of Margaret, Edward [iii] (in between the girls, I think) & Elizabeth. Edward m. Margaret Awkborough who owned land in Stambourne in 145679 as well as Bathorne Hall which itself also went to the MacWilliams. His span is, say 1450 1495; NJE gives dob as c.1425.

X/5th is Edward[iii]’s only child, another Edward[iv]. He marries Christian Harthishorn who is the kneeling figure to the N sideof the East window. He is buried in the tomb in the chancel when he dies about, I suppose, 1495. The male figure is probably his son Hy [i] v.i.

The Visitation of Essex is reported by Rushbrook to say that he is the second husband of Christina; why then does her dress bear the simple arms of her father ? [I have not been able to find this reference]
I had thought that this Edward is the kneeling figure to the S of the E window. However his tabard has two squares of Inglosse (not the single one you would expect from the compound quarterly McWm arms, by now well established) between two similar squares of maroon. There is then a tripartite panel the middle of which is gu 2 lions or between two silver panels. In front he has 3 more maroon triangles indenting 4 white ones.; it is finished off with a sash or band from shoulder to knee of a thirteen McWm roses alternating with small gold triangles.
The preponderance of red & white blocks suggests the Norburg parts of the Spelman arms and implies that the picture is of the donor, Edward [iv]’s son Henry [i]. The second Inglosse panel probably comes from the destroyed second male figure who would be the father, Edward[iv] The lions are either those of the Norman Kings, two of the three of the Plantaganets or a fragment of the Tudor Royal arms. Though there are no Fleurdelys among the fragments elsewhere there is a considerable amount of blue that has been used for patching. Christian (Hartishorn) McWm marries a second time to Sir Robert Tyrell & goes to live in Colchester. She is buried there when she dies, still as Lord of the Manor, in 1505. [I guess this was in 1505/6 since her son, Henry [i], does not get his reversion of the estate until 1506] Thus, Edwd [iv] is buried here but the lady pictured in the window, is not.

This sequence of dates is still highly compressed even allowing for removing Arthur from generation VI. The other lifespans have been altered as in this calculation following.
The window is c 1520 but the Colt shields must have been added in c. 1600
Ed [iv] must have died well before Christina in 1505 let us guess 1499, so bz ?1470 =147099
Ed [iii]s span must therefore be 14501495, (not 14601520 as above in X/4th)
John could be 14301490
Ed =[ii], whose death in 1479 is fixed, could then be 14151479
It is this calculation that yields an astonishingly uniform generation gap of 20 y. without cumulative error over ten generations. This is strong confirmation of its validity but it is still is worth reconsideration for that reason. The next gap is 42 y. for Henry [ii], s.o. of a 2nd wife, who succeeded at the minority age of 7 y. The next gap to Henry [iii] then reverts to just 23 y.

XI/6th is the generation in which the name Henry first appears as the only child of Edward [iv] . He was born about 1490, succeeded in 1506 and died in 1539 @ which time his own son Hy[ii] was a minor only 7 y.o. v.s.

Henry [i] is the builder of the chancel & his is one of the three bodies that were in the tomb that was dismantled at some time between 1631 & 1850c, perhaps in the 1650s by Wm Golding. The other two were Edward [iv] & Anne Spilman/McW. Henrys [i], [ii] & [iii] now go on to end the McWm line in Stambourne when H [iii] dies unmarried without legal issue
XII/7th Hy[i]’s 1st wife was this Anne Spilman, d o Sir John Spilman
They had: Elizabeth, elder sister & coheir of Hy[ii], who later m George Colt of Cavendish (d 1578)
[If bz 1510 she could be Mrs Colt when window was made, see shield 7 in window light 8; Colt quartering McW. It must be made up of old pieces of glass] (see XIV for issue)
He next m Ela Leye d o Sr John Leye of Layes & Anne Lucy d o Sr Thos Lucy
They had: Henry [ii], 1532 18 Jan 1586 (from the early burial register) who m Mary d o Richard Hill (15321616 when she was already widow of Sr John Cheke
They had issues in XIII/8th . Mary spanned c.15321616
Edward he would be Ed [v] but nothing is known of him; ? a cot death.
Ann, w o Arthur Stourton
Mary, w o Arthur Kighly
Frances, w o Humphry Shelton

XIII/8th The children of Henry [ii] & Mary Cheke, née Hill were:
Margaret who m Sr John Stanhope; he became Baron Harington 4 May 1605; d 9 Mar 1620; see XIV; he acquires Bathorne by this marriage.
Cecily who m Sr Thos Ridgway, Treasurer of Ireland
Henry [iii] He was killed in a duel 8 June 1599, perhaps 45 y o.
[the order of these 3 births is unknown; they were probably bz 155055; the next 3 all appear in the registers, instituted in 1559, between 1560 & 1564]
Susan bz 9 Mar 1560/61: m (1) Edwd Sandys of Sandys Harington
(2) Sir Godard Pemberton
(3) Sir Thomas Ireland
Ambrosia bz 12 Jun 1562: m Sir Wm Kingsmill or Kingswell
Cassandra bz 2 Jul 1564 = Sr Geo Cotton [none of these 3 m or bz here]
Elizabeth McWm & George Colt had Henry Colt in ??1530 [light 7][v. XI/7th]
A girl who married a Bovill to give rise to the eight quarters shield in light 9 must have existed but I do not know whether she in fact belongs here.

XIV (not included by NJE) Margaret Stanhope’s children were:
Daniel I
Daniel II
Charles Lord Stanhope(d 1677) : he m Dorothy, d o …Barrett, Lord Newborough &
had a brother Edward but no issue. Charles sold Bathorne on 20 July 1648to George Pyke of Birdbrook.

Finally, there is a reference to a MarkWilliam in StokebyClare; it is not in Morant and probably came from Muilman.
Based on all these assumptions I write here

Annex 8a: A simple chronology of the MacWilliams of Stambourne
Name Lifespan Date of Lordship

The Pevers Family held it from 1216 to 1395

Milo 12901340
Roger 13101360
Thomas [i] 13301407
Charles 13501410 Possibly there is an Arthur in the same generation
Edward [i] 13701430
Thomas [ii] 1390145 13951450
William 14051464 14501464
Edward [ii] 14101479 14641479 Inherited from his brother Wm
John 14301490 14791490
Edward [iii] 14501495 14901495
Edward [iv] 14701499 14951499
Henry [i] 14801539 15061539
Henry [ii] 15321586 15391586
Henry [iii] 15551599 15861599
Elizabeth Colt 15551610c. 15991610c. She was Hy[ii]’s coheir & kept her life interest
Annex 8b: MacWilliam Chronology
Generation Arms Name Born Inherits Dies Spouse Comments
The Pevers Family 1216 1395

I Milo 1290 1340 Jane Waylond

II Roger 1310 1360
The family first owned land here in 1395
III Thomas i 1330 1407 Agnes de Peson Wright says the Peson arms were here & puts Easton @ about this time too

IV Light 2 Charles 1350 1410 Jane Caunfield There is perhaps an Arthur in this generation

V Edward i 1370 1430 Mary Wingham Wright has Wyngham here but not quite like ours; it is ‘per bend’

VI 1st Thomas ii 1390 1430 1450 Alice Brompton

VII 2nd Light 3 William 1410 1450 1464 A Stayne lady Wright gives this blazon to Gestingthorpe

Light 4 Edward ii 1415 1464 1479 Elizabeth Inglosse The latest quartering of the McWm shield was established by these 2 marriages.
It was used by the next 6 generations & is carved into our stonework.
I shall call it the Stambourne MacWilliam arms to distinguish it from those of the earlier Irish and the Gloucester branches of the family

VIII 3th John 1430 1479 1490 Margaret Gestingthorpe

IX 4th Edward iii* 1450 1490 1495 An Awkborough girl Wright says her arms were here

X 5th Light 5 Edward iv* 1470 1495 1499 Christina Hartishorne dies1505
Christina* McWm 1499 1505 for some part of the estate Wright places the Nervit arms in the church too @ about this time

XI 6th Light 6 Henry i* 1490 1506 1539 Anne Spilman * These four are the subjects of the window; save Christina, they are also the 3 in the tomb

Ela Laye Wright has the Laye arms here too

XII 7th Henry ii 1532 1539 1586 Mary Hill/Cheke dies1616
Mary McWm 1532 1586 1616 holds th of the estate

XIIbis Light 7 Eliz McWm 1501 Geo Colt; dies 1578 Though Light 7 is indeed their shield this pair cannot have been sole manorial lords

XIII 8th Henry iii 1555 1586 1599 Unmarried: the last of the male line Killed in duel without issue

XIIIbis Light 8 Henry Colt 1530 1606 The shield in light 8 must Antedate 1450 or be a compound

Unknown Light 9 Wingfield >1464 McWm girl He could perhaps be a brother of Mary Wingham around 1370-1430
JBE has used a 20 year generation. NJE has used 25years.
Dates in bold are documented. The other dates are calculated or deduced (some being defined by the shields in the lights in the East Window).
The Common People
The names of these essential inhabitants of the village are only occasionally glimpsed as for example Alstan who lived in the time of King Edward [ the t.r.e. of the L.D.B.] prior to the institution of regular registers by Elizabeth I. The commonest names & their frequencies are listed in the annexes together with some rarer ones, such as de Burstelere, but we know little else about them before the more detailed entries required by the Act of 1837. The lists of the Lay settlement of 1387, The Hearth Taxation of the Restoration & the Land Taxation of 1737 [ which, surprisingly, records no one in Stambourne who qualifies to pay ]do give glimpses but contain little about the occupations of the common man & effectively nothing about his woman. It is reasonable to suppose that they formed the agricultural labouring backbone to the main industry of the village and provided the Squires of Stambourne Hall, who had by the XVIIc acquired the majority of the village, with their income.

Astonishingly little information is available about emigration to the New World in the XVIIc from this strongly Puritan village Despite numerous enquiries, no New England settlement has been identified such as, for example, Topsfield & Braintree. The only probable site is Stoney Brook on Long Island but I have received no response from my letters to its authorities and other personal contacts there. No reference sources so far consulted mentions any individual emigrant as coming from Stambourne. One may speculate that the marked lack of conformity of the two Paynells and in particular, of Henry Havers, who were rectors for the first part of the century, made it so congenial a place for dissenters that few felt the need to undertake the hazards of the ocean voyages.

There can be no doubt that the XVIc population of some two to three hundred should have produced more than the actual ten or so register entries each year. It is likely that only those who could or would pay have been recorded & these are likely to have been the richer parishioners. The Civil Register is said to have claimed 6d for an entry, perhaps about ten guineas when that coin last was valid. In later times the registers seem fully to reflect the population numbers, particularly after 1810 when the conscientious Jas Spurgeon initiated such detailed nonconformist records.

A macabre note is struck by the frequency of suicide over the last few decades since it was decriminalised.. The rate is about ten times the national average suggesting that the tranquil rural life is no less stressful than that of the metropolis. One of the most recent occasioned a service that completely filled the church and which can only be called a memorial tribute to a dedicated chorister, crucifer, sidesman, nephew of a longstanding warden, regular communicant and lessonreader and our last bellringer. Just this year this sad fate finally overcame a young man who had never found his place in our rural society. These events illustrate how perception of this distressing mental state has been changing, not least within the Church of England itself.
Annex 9: Index of correspondence on individual subjects & of historic names in Stambourne
Subject Enquirer
Argent Dorothy Mahoney
Ashard see school
Awkborough & variants appear as marrying MacWilliams
Barker, Frances
Bond, Edward a sailor of whom the Navy has no record
Brown, Abraham his will of 1827 republished 1927 with a poem. No burial record
Choat, Choot, Choote 1559 to XIXc
Collar Richardson
Drury Pease
Fitch, Fytche(e) 1559 to XXc John Fitch see also Paynells
Gowlett an early name
Grubb = Gill Bareham
Hasler Earliest registers to 1980s; listed
Hills & Davy see Fitch
Levitt Early name
Lewsey; Lucy XVII to XIXc
Marsh & Teader & French Ward see also Fitch for French
Mynott George Mynott
Paynells Early to XXc
Playle Early to XIXc Sharp see also Paynells
Rallings, Rawlinsons
Russell Dorking
Ruggles, Allan & son Percy of Pound Ho in 1914 are the only recorded Stn bricklayers
Sheldon, Shelton There is an XVIIIc owner of the Hall as well as the last XXc owner
Sheldrake Another old name
Smee & Lucy Beckwith
Snellocke Listed; mainly in Toppesfield
Sparrow & Turner Barker
Spurgeon & Sudbury Listing & Tree from 1465 onwards to present day Veronica Etchells
Stanburn, [de Listing 1160 to 1484; possibly, as Alstan, from 1040]

Annex 10: The frequency of names in the Church Registers
The Registers begin in 1558 & are more or less continuous. The period of the Commonwealth with its supposed appointment of the Civil Register, an official for whose actual existence I see no real proof, seems to contain selected entries only. Most of these were apparently made at a single sitting in 1665. If a lay official did keep records I think they have been lost.

In the period 1558 to 1740 there are 1800 entries, about 10 p.a. so the record must be incomplete. The commonest, earliest, longest & still surviving name is Smith. Samuel Joseph with Daisy Eleanor lived in Newhouse Farm in 1908/9 & Smiths still occupy ParkView only 800 yds away from the site of Rev Hy Havers old house.
The frequency of the commoner names in this period is:
Smith 65 entries
Levitt 60
Choate vv 50 of which 3 were Choote
Playle 45
Houlton 39
Peacock 37
Gowlett 29
Barnud vv 20
Agnes 15
Annex 11: Population of Stambourne

Date Comment Civil Parish Ecclesiastical Parish
Roman Times by deduction from 2 million/60 x 300 10
Time of King Edward by deduction from LDB figures 180
1085 from LDB by multiplying the number of males x4 192
1327 20 landowners paid tax I have seen a factor of 11.1 222
1662 from Hearth Tax records: 31 ho; 92hths x 4.04 372 Brown has fewer
1670 from Hearth Tax records: 30 ho; 86hths x 4.04 347
1734 Essex Freeholders; none in Stn worth more than £ 10; owner of Hall probably lived in Sturmer
1801 First Census data; presumably of civil parish 358
1811 et seq 356
1821 432
1831 475
1841 also quoted by White in 1848 540
1851 564
1861 537
1871 quoted by Post Office 577
1881 434
1891 385
1901 quoted by Kelly 361 324
1921 et seq 299 272
1931 Kelly 266 240
198090 about 270

Annex 12: Residents of Wesley End

1852 Chas s.o.Wm Bunton = Mary Ann Mickley
1860 Mary Ann Bunton d.o. John, a labourer
1863 Sarah Ann Bunton aet20 d.o. Chas
1867 Hannah Bunton, 20, s.o. John, m Wm Metson [Geo B X as witness]
1868 Thos Bunton 27, s.o. John [Chas B X as witness]
1871 Hephzibah Bunton, 17, d.o. John [Peter B as witness]
1881 Peter Bunton, 29, Blacksmith, s.o. John m Fanny M Rawlinson (n.b our horseshoes)
1888 he was a witness
1893 William Thomas = Elizabeth Ann Clark 20 January [Congregational records = C.R.]
1898 Henry John Charles was here February 1
1901 Arthur Charles; February 2
1901 Peter Bunton, now a labourer & Fanny; a son Albert Edward
1903 Gladys Kate Charles; June 13
1903 Wm Martin, Labourer & Emma Jane; a daughter Gladys Alice [I have a later note that the Martins lived here alone; presumably this means when all cottages but theirs were deserted
1903 George Ruffle, Decorator & Sarah Caroline; a daughter Phoebe Elizabeth
1903 Clara Bunton, 25, d.o. Geo, m W J Smith of E Bergholt
1908 Rose Bunton d.o. Geo, a son Andrew
1925 Dick Ruggles told me that he was born in Tinkers though he lived with his uncle in Ye Cott.
1933 John Peter Bunton died 16 July, aet 82 (probably s.o. Chas & Mary; bz 1852)
1933 Hilda Flo Metson died October 4
Ben Hezekiah Metson
1944 Charlotte (Corder) Wiffen; baby Charles died 14 December (A grave stone I think)
1949 Stanley Mark Hayes, Labourer, & Ivy Lily; a son Douglas John
1953 Wilfred Robert Birch = Beatrice Mary
Adrian Corder b 18 January
Christine Susan born 11 March 1956
1958 Mrs Lambert had Tinkers
1959 The Birch family left Essex Hall Cottage.
Tarbins & Coxes in Essex Hall Cottages
1960 Liddell Armitage bought Tinkers Revel as it then was
1963 Peter Raymond Beale & Nellie were in the Cottage
This must be the year the Garratts bought it
In October we bought Tinkers
1988 Hayes, Joe & Ivy and son Basil [who was 7080 y.o. when he told me] went to Malden. I suppose this means at the time when the hamlet was nearly deserted.
1995 We sold Tinkers to Ian & Susan Ward
1996 Garratts left for Norfolk

Annex 12a: A facsimile of the 1881 Census for Wesley End

Annex 12b: Map of cottages in Wesley End in 1873

Annex 13: Servicemen in the Kaiser’s War listed in the Halstead Gazette in December 1918

Name Regiment
Alexander Ashard, 3d Essex Regt killed
Bunton H R; Fusiliers
Bunton Harold, 5th Fusiliers Regt
Cranfield Harry, 3d Essex Regt
Debenham A
Ernest Drew; 3d Essex Regiment killed
Harry Drew; ditto “m” he is on our memorial
Everitt H G; Tank Battalion
Hardy A J 11th Essex Regt wounded
Hardy Wm G; 1st Suffolk Regiment brothers
Hanchett, Bombr C R; Australian Artillery
Hanchett E R; Sportsman’s Battalion
Houhgton Geo V; 3d Essex Regt wounded
Lawrence J; Essex Yeomanry
Marchant William
Mickley, Arthur; 12 Essex Regt killed
Mickley, Walter, Essex Regt these were brothers
Metson, Frederick; 1st Suffolk Regt wounded
Metson Joseph; Rifle Brigade wounded
Metson , William; Suffolk Regiment killed these 3 were brothers
Wesley, Archer; Essex Regt wounded
Pannel, Arthur; 11th Essex Regt
Pannell Ernest; 1/5th Essex Regt
Read, Bunton Lewis; Royal Fusiliers
Ruffle, Lieut C J; D L I wounded
Ruggles H Arthur; 2nd Northampton Regt killed
Ruggles James; Royal Navy
Savil, Fred
Shilling, E; H M S Lucia
Stock, Wm; Essex Regiment wounded
Unwin F; London Heavy Brigade R G A
Wesley A; 1/5th Essex Regt
Wiffen, Arthur; Essex Regt
Annex 14: Analysis of the Census of 1881
The data are presented on 20 sheets, perhaps by the Mormon Church survey & headed
Cooperative indexing programme GS number 1341435 ref No RG11/1804 folio 147

Number of Households Occupied Unoccupied Comments

Stambourne Green has 13 2 with 59 souls = 13.6 %;
Chapel End 25 2
Mill Road 7 1
Westley(sic)End 3 9 uninhabited include the New Barne probably the bricks by the side of the Ridgewell footpath & 2 dwellings in Pitiful Wood[sic]
Church Road 8
Yeldham Road 5 [this is my description; the census does not use this word in 1881]
Dyers End 20 2
Craig’s Road 9 2 [this postal address is now Finchingfield Rd]
Robin Hood End 10 1
Bushey 1 occupied by 3 Harringtons where is it ?
?New House 1 Occ: by Joseph Smith, aet 30 & 6 of his family: New Ho Fm is occupied by Wm Smith, aet 57 & 3 family: where is this ?
Nr Round Ho 2 occupied by 4 Westleys & 3 Buntings [where are these ?]

Total of Houses 104 19 [9 of these 19 are in Wes[t]ley End]

Size of Families

There are 7 children in the families of Bowyer, Dains, two Martin households & Rhodes

There 6 Hardy & Wiffen children

Clark, Fitch, Hardy, Mickley & Smith have 5 children apiece.


From the 20 pp I compute 435 souls which = the published census figure of 434


Farmers 7
widow 1
bailiff 1
Farm Labourers 89
Cow boy 1 [he also claims to be an agricultural labourer]
Shepherds 2
101 employed in Farming

Pork Butcher 1
Grocer 2
Baker 1
both 1
5 people are suppliers of food

Tailoress 1
Seamstress 1
Plain needle work 1
Dress maker 4
Boot maker 1
Shoe maker 1
Laundress 2
11 people are providers of clothing

Goveress (sic) 1
Domestic servant 8
General servant 3
Errand boy 2
Shop assistant 1
Housekeeper 5
Groom 3
20 only are in service[but some housekeepers are materae familiae]

Straw Plai(t)ter 87
Thatcher 3
Blacksmith 3
Brickmaker 1
Carpenter 5
C. miller 1 presumably a corn miller
Harness maker 1
101 claim some skilled manual trade; 86%of these are the straw plaiters

School mistress 1
assistant 1
moniter(sic) 1
Scholars 91
94 are occupied in education

Rector 1
Independent Minister 1
his wife 1
3 persons profess religious occupations

Marine store dealer 1
Carter 1
Inn keeper 2
4 persons are independent traders

No named occupation[the record is a long dash] is given for 85 persons
“No occupation” [sic] is specified for the 78y.o. owner of Lit Tagleys 1
The space is left blank for 1 infant & 3 young wives 4
Invalid debility 1
Bedridden 1
If there were any genuine unemployed they are among these 92 persons

These analytical figures account for all 434 persons recorded in the 1881 British census transcription & recorded in my table of censuses for that year.

The majority were born in Stambourne or in one of the half dozen nearby villages; others are:
Gt Bardfield
Layer Bretton
Little Maplestead

Castle Camps [2]

Old Weston

H….illegible [may be a town or county]

Haverhill [2]
Long Melford
Stoke [4 souls; an interesting persistence of the connection with the College]
Sudbury [3]


Burnley The Revd Alfred Master


Thus only 2 persons, The Rector & a young wife, came from further than a day’s walk away
Most of the outlying villages are within 10 miles and those in Suffolk & Cambridgeshire are just over the border
7.1 % only come from outlying districts of which a mere 0.7 % were not born in Essex, Suffolk or Cambridgeshire nearby.