The following chapters are taken from Nicholas Enticknap’s “Stambourne Parish History” document



Stambourne History
What uncertainty do we find in printed histories; they either tread too near on the heels of truth that they dare not speak plain; or else, for want of intelligence [things being antiquated] become too obscure and dark.
John Aubrey in a letter of 1680 ‘To my worthy friend Mr Anthony àWood, Antiquary of Oxford’

Chapter 1: Introduction 8
Never do I expect, always I hope 8
A freehand map of the outlines of the Four Estates owning land in Stambourne 9
Chapter 2: Early History 10
He that increases knowledge increases sorrow 10
Domesday 10
The building of the church 11
Patronage 11
Annex 1: The entries in the Little Domesday Book for Stambourne = Stanburna, Toppesfield, & adjacent villages 12
Section A on Stanburna 12
Section B on Toppesfelda 13
Section C In Nortuna (translated as Cornish Hall) 13
Section D Ridgewell (Rideuuelli) v.s. Toppesfield 14
Section E Birdbrook [Bridebroc] 14
Section F Finchingfield 14
Annex 2; Analysis of LDB entries 15
Summary of these identifications 18
Magna Carta 19
The Middle Ages 19
Annex 3; Stoke Cartulary & Patronage 20
Dedication 22
The unique double dedication to St Peter & St Thomas Becket 22
Annex 4; Submission to Stambourne Parochial Church Council 23
Annex 5; Authority of Bishop to Rededicate 24
Annex 6; Bishop Edward’s Prayer and Homily 25
Annex 7; Analysis of the sources which relate to the origin of our Dedication 26
Chapter 3: The People of Stambourne 33
Tabesne cadavera solvat 33
The Great Families & the Three Manors 33
Annex 1: The Saxons 36
Alstan 36
Goti aka Gotius 38
Brictric aka Bric^tic9 38
Annex 2: Index of Mediaeval names 39
Annex 3: de Stanburns 49
An attempt to trace the history of the name de Stanburn in the village 49
Primary Sources 49
Secondary Sources 49
Chronology 49
Notes 50
Hypothesis 51
Annex 4: The de Greinvilles & their manor 52
Annex 5: The de Mandevilles & Moone Hall 54
Annex 6: The Manor of Stambourne Hall 57
Annex 7: The Pevers 60
Annex 8: The McWilliam name 61
Annex 8a: A simple chronology of the MacWilliams of Stambourne 65
Annex 8b: MacWilliam Chronology 66
The Common People 68
Annex 9: Index of correspondence on individual subjects & of historic names in Stambourne 69
Annex 10: The frequency of names in the Church Registers 69
Annex 11: Population of Stambourne 71
Annex 12: Residents of Wesley End 72
Annex 12a: A facsimile of the 1881 Census for Wesley End 73
Annex 12b: Map of cottages in Wesley End in 1873 73
Annex 13: Servicemen in the Kaiser's War listed in the Halstead Gazette in December 1918 74
Annex 14: Analysis of the Census of 1881 75
Chapter 4: The Rise of Nonconformity. 78
I have runne through all sects, yet finde no rest in any 78
The XVIIth & XVIIIth centuries; the incumbencies of the Paynells. 78
The Influence of the Reverend Henry Havers BA 78
The first Chapel built in 1715/16 79
The Spurgeon Influence 79
Present History of the Chapel 80
Annex 1: The two Pannell Rectors and their family 80
Annex 2: The Spurgeon Family 82
Pencil outline by J.B.E. of the Sketch of the First Chapel made by C.H.Spurgeon in 1846 84
An old Photograph of the Second Chapel 85
Annex 3: The Pastors of the Congregational Church, formerly the Stambourne Meeting 85
Annex 4: The Recollections of Mrs King 86
Annex 5: The Extant Records Of Stambourne Congregational Church 87
Annex 6: Yearly occurrence of Births and deaths in the Congregational Membership 88
Chapter 5: The Church after the Bartholomew Act 90
I love to lose myself in a mystery 90
Later Anglican matters 90
Benefice Changes. 91
Boundary changes. 91
A New Rural Deanery of Hinckford. 91
The Upper Colne Parishes 92
Chapter 6: Lay Governance & Secular Buildings 93
Nothing is certain in this life, save death & taxes 93
The Lay Subsidy of 1327 93
The Hearth Tax & those who paid it 94
Annex 1: Hearth Tax Record List 97
Annex 2: Hearth Tax Listing 1664-67 98
Annex 3: Notes on the Hearth Tax Records 99
The Essex Freeholders of 1734 100
Land Use in 1810 to 1837 101
Annex 4: Land use in 1810 102
Annex 5: Table of Field Ownership &Use 1837 104
Central Part of the Tithe Map of 1837 with the addition of some field names 113
Stambourne Church of England School 1861 to 1958 & The Village Hall 114
Annex 6: Stambourne Church of England School & the Frys 1861-1958 114
Annex 7: A Death from Diphtheria 116
The Playing Fields 117
Other Lay Buildings 118
Church Farm House 118
Hill Farm 118
Post Mill [House] 118
Annex 8: List of the Deeds of the Post Mill 119
Discussion of the evidence 120
Chestnut Horse Farm 120
Mill Farm 120
Butchers Arms 120
Little Tagley 120
Great Tagley 120
Annex 9: A Description of the Five Mills 121
Annex 10: An Old Photograph of the Post Mill 123
Pound House 124
Pound Cottage 124
Revels Farm 124
Slough Farm 124
Stambourne Receiving Office 124
Pump House 124
The Bakehouse 124
Brook House 124
Craigs 124
Parish Council from 1894 onwards 125
Annex 11: A Photograph of cottages at Dyers End 125
Annex 12: Old typescript on Parish Council 126
Newsletter 126
Annex 13: A facsimile of Newsletter 100 127
A List of Old Place Names 133
Chapter 7: The Church of S Peter & S Thomas Becket: 135
Sermons in Stone 135
The Building 135
Illustration of the Tower as it was in 1904 135
Illustration of the North Elevation 136
Plan of the ground floor shewing dates of the masonry 136
The Norman Tower 137
The Nave 138
The Medieval carvings on the ends of the three massive beams of the nave 139
Detail of the upper boss on the west face at the southern side of the chancel arch 139
The architrave on the southern side of the west face of the fragment of beam at the chancel arch 140
The west face of the remainder of the beam on the northern side of the arch 141
The carving on the northern end of the east face of the middle beam It is carved on both sides 142
The southern end of the east face of the middle beam 143
The carvings on the northern end of the west face of the middle beam 144
The Southern End of the Western face of the Middle beam 145
The carvings on the Westernmost beam adjacent to the wall of the Tower 146
The Southern End of the Eastern face of the Tower beam 147
The Screen 148
The Chancel 148
The Sanctuary 149
East Window 149
The North Aisle & North chapel. 151
Monuments 152
An imaginative reconstruction of the MackWilliam tomb 153
Colonel James Farewell’s Monument 154
Rector George Bowyer’s Monument 155
The Stones In The Floor Of The Tower Stambourne 156
The Hopkins Monuments 157
Cover of William Dowsing’s Journal 158
Heraldry 159
The MacWilliams pictures in the East Window 159
Page of JBE Pencilled notes To be removed in the fullness of time 02/09/03 160
Rushbrook’s Armorial Bearings 161
1. Stambourne The Arms of Mackwilliams, Baron and Femme 163
2. Stambourne The Arms of Mackwilliams/? 164
3. Stambourne The Arms of Mackwilliams/Englowise 165
4. Stambourne The Arms of Mackwilliams/Hartishorn 166
5. Stambourne The Arms of Henry Mackwilliams/Spelman 167
6. Stambourne The Arms of Colt/Mackwilliams 168
7. Stambourne The Arms of Colte 169
8. Stambourne The Arms of Wingfield/Mackwilliams 170
9. Stambourne The Arms of Mackwilliams 171
10. Stambourne The Arms of Hartishorn 172
11. Stambourne The Arms of Mackwilliams 173
The Bells and their frame 174
Sketch of Bell Frame 177
Typical and Pre-reformation frames 178
Annex 7: Extract from The Church Bells of Essex 179
Annex 8: Record No 402 180
Annex 8: Record No 510 181
Recent & Current Repairs 182
Inserted pencil notes here 26/07/03 182
The lighting and the installation of Electric Power in 1952 182
Property of the Church 184
The Chest 184
The Chair 185
Copy of Description of Repairs required 187
Church Plate 188
The Altar Hangings 188
The Royal Coat of Arms of the House of Hanover 189
The oak flower pedestal 190
Wrought iron flower pedestals 190
Tables 190
The Pulpit 190
The Lectern 190
Brassware 190
Library 190
Illuminated wall Panels on either side of the Chancel 190
The Registers 191
There are other lay records in this collection 191
Catalogue of Essex Parish Records Cover 192
Stambourne Parish Records 193
Annex 11: Chronology of Numbers in Records 1813 – 1850 198
Chronology of Numbers in Records 1850 – 1900 199
Chronology of Numbers in Records 1900 – 1989 201
Include in Annex 6 to Ch7 on Registers 203
Index to A3 Black Springbacks # 1 & 2 of phcopies of registers 204
The second Black A3 springback file 204
Contents of the Third A3 black springback file 205
Analysis of Registers 1651 – 1702 206
Annex ?: Copies of the Parish Register Entries 1650 – 1667 208
Parish Register Entries 1650 – 57 208
Parish Register Entries 1657 – 1663 210
Parish Register Entries 1664 - 1667 211
2pp typed transcript 1653-65 records 212
Annex ?: Analysis of 1653- 1678 Registers 214
Typed from Handwritten notes 02/08/03 AFE 214
Transcript of Sept 1651 to Jan 1652/3 215
A note on the Civil Register 216
Bishop’s Transcripts for Stambourne for the year 1629 217
Stambourne Transcript for the yeare 1629 219
The land of the church 221
Rectory Lane dispute 221
Whole pages inserted in red file here. They appear to be draft notes and various transcripts of the material referred to in the Rectory Lane dispute text. Do they need to be fitted in somewhere? AFE 24/07/03) 223
The 1610 Terrier 225
Insert lost Terrier file here done but reinsert if Terrierfile#2 is edited later 225
A rough sketch based on the 1837 Tithe Map, of the Glebe Lands . 228
The Work of the Church 229
Various trancripts of handwritten attendance analyses 229
Attendance at Services > 50 in 5 years 86 –91 (& 97) 229
1956 - 1984 230
Carols and Harvest Graphs 231
Sundry other handwritten data re Harvest and Carols 232
Annex ?: Summary of the Will of Dorothy Horn by PME March 1985 233
Annex ?: Alfred Master’s Restoration Appeal 1874 234
Annex ?: Vestry Meeting 1918 Poster 235
Chapter 8: Rectors and Officers 236
Idlers, Boors, dunces & dullards 236
Early Clerics 236
The Becket association 239
Chronological List of Rectors 1277-1985 240
Catalogue of biographies 243
Robert de Redeswell 12778 [sic]. 244
Robert de Cotyngham 1310 244
John de Titford 1337/8 244
John de Statherne 1337 1339 244
Geoffrey de Mere 1339 1344 244
William de Drayton 134446 244
John Calabra 1346 245
Robert Druell here in some part of the year 1348 245
Peter de Morteyn 13481348/9 245
Hugo Ellis One month from Feb 18 to Mar 18 in 1348/9 245
Robert de Staunton (134952 or 1379) 246
Richard Goderam (13791380/1) 246
William Cersyn or Corsyn (1380/1 perhaps until 1387) 246
Wiliam Sturmynstre (1387 90) 247
William Sutton (1390 to an unknown date) 247
Adam Copsy (died in 1427) 247
Richard Gwyas (14279) 247
John Rawe (142928) 247
Henry Dedham (1438420 247
John Boket (1442 to an unknown date) 247
John Story (for a period ending in his death in 1474) 247
John Meyburn (1474 to perhaps 1476) 248
James Robson (perhaps 1476 until his death in 1480) 248
Richard Garwyn (1480 1509) 248
James Kylshey (1509 26) 248
Reginald Baynbridge A.M. (1526 32) 248
George Blenkern (1532 to an unknown date) 249
John Luddington (15591578) 249
Thomas Paynell (minister 15708; Rector 15781622) 249
John Paynell (16221651) 250
Split here and put in Paynell Annex (Done 08/09/03) 250
Annex 1: The two Pannell Rectors and their family (This text is already in Chapter 4 ?p3. In a pencilled note it says ‘out of place move to p8.12’. So delete 4.3?? AFE 06/08/03???) 250
Henry Havers (1651 until his ejection 1662, though he probably did not go until 1664) 251
Annex 2: The Chronology of Henry Havers 252
Your notes on Positioning of Annexes 257
Robert Cook (1662) 259
Peter Berkenhead (for 45 days in 1662) 259
Robert Cock (1662 1667) 260
Annex 3: A discussion of the two Cooks 260
Annex 3a: Henchman notes 262
Annex 4: A note on the Civil Register 268
Annex 5: Rectors at the time of the Restoration. 269
Catalogue of biographies (continued) 273
William Tompson [later Thompson] (16671686) 273
Marcus Le Pla (1686 to about 1715) 275
George Bowyer (1715 1740) 275
Venn Eyre (1740 1777 but in absentia from about 1753 onwards) 276
William Lloyd (17771809) 276
Annex 6: Venn Eyre and William Lloyd Register Analyses 277
John Forster (185868) 279
Alfred Master (18681889) 281
David RiceJones (M.A. Oxon) (1889 1895/6) 283
James Henry Brooks (1896 1919) 284
Percy Robert Mitchell (1920 1922) 284
Thomas Henry Taylor (19231930) 284
Francis George Deeping Webster (1930 1933 or 1934) 285
Harold Edward Alston Horn (1934 1959) 285
Harold Frank Godwin (19591960) 286
Lawrence Pickles (1962 1965) 286
Ernest Elworthy (1967 1976) 286
John Speers (1977 1982) 287
Howard Marker (1982 1983) 287
William Roy Jessup (1985 1992) 287
Annex 7: The Farewell Sermon of William Roy Jessop 288
John Martin Suddards (present Rector from 1993) 290
Annex 8: Sermon of John Martin Suddards, 9th July 1995 291
Visiting Rectors and Locum tenens visitors 293
Will fit to previous page when pencilled comments resolved/integrated. 295
Other Church Functionaries 296
Wardens and other officers 297
Stambourne Choir 299
Witnesses in Marriage Register [?1813 – 37] 300
Chapter 9: Other matters of interest 303
A snapper-up of unconsidered trifles 303
An interview with old Mrs King by James Hopkins 303
Georgina Heatley & Ralph Vaughan Williams 304
Parish Register Entries, St Thomas, Stambourne 1867 305
Annex 1: The state of the village in 1867 306
St Catherine's College; a three-part connection 307
Annex 2i: Anne Of Cleves & Rector Bainbridge 307
Annex 2ii: Anne Of Cleves & Haverhill 307
Annex 2iii: Suffolk Domesday by J H = Lord John Hervey: 1889-91; Bury Free Press: Library; LDB Suffolk 308
Annex 2iv: Phillimore’ LDB Suffolk 2 vols; Anne of CLEVES?;lib;ldbsuff2 308
Annex 3: A talk @ St Catherines College in 1993 310
Queens' College & the Stambourn family: landowners here 312
The Stambourne Singers 313
War Memorials 313
C.R.Pyman and his coach business 314
Green Farm Brick Works 314
Annex 4: Pyman’s Coaches 315
Annex 5: The Brickworks at Stambourne Green and Green Farm 316
A list of known Sale Catalogues in the Essex Record Office & elsewhere 317
Federation of Essex Women's Institutes 317
Annex 6: Emily Martin’s Sampler 319
Annex 8: Blacksmith’s mark 320
Annex 9: Ellen Martin’s Certificate 321
Chapter 10: Appendices and Sundries 322
Appendix I: Chronology 322
Supplement 1 to Chronology 327
Supplement 2 to Chronology The Civil War 327
Appendix 2: Repairs to the church 329
Accounts 1980 - 1989 329
Schedule of Repairs to the church 332
Summary of repairs and maintenance references in PCC minutes 1921-1961 333
Appendix 3i: Extracts from Records of Rev Alfred Masters, inducted 3 Nov 1868 335
Appendix 3ii: Extracts from Minutes of P.C.C. meetings. 336
Appendix 4: Principal Sources 339